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Sacred-texts home
African Religion
Buy CD-ROM  Buy Books about Egypt 

Osiris standing between Isis and Nephthys (public domain image) Ancient Egypt

The civilization of Ancient Egypt lasted longer than the entire span of what we have come to accept as 'recorded history': over three thousand years. During these millenia the Egyptians developed a multitude of gods and goddesses, as well as esoteric practices that we are still unravelling the meaning of. Besides this, Egypt was the source of the first true monothestic religion, under the pharaoh Akhenaton. This rich tradition was mostly unknown until the early nineteenth century, when the Egyptian language was finally deciphered.


Texts

The Pyramid Texts
Samuel A. B. Mercer, translator [1952].
The oldest sacred text in the world that we know of, dating back to 3100 B.C.E.
The Pyramid Texts are funerary inscriptions from the early pyramids. This was the first translation of the Pyramid Texts into English, and this etext is the first time it has appeared on the Internet.

Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt
by James Henry Breasted [1912].
Millennia of Egyptian religious evolution as seen through their literature, including extensive quotes from the Pyramid Texts.

The Egyptian Book of the Dead
E. A. Wallis Budge, translator [1895].
The best known Ancient Egyptian sacred text, which describes the journey into the afterlife.

The Egyptian Heaven and Hell
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1905]
A journey through the night side of the Ancient Egyptian cosmos.

Vol. I: The Book of the Am-Tuat
Vol II: The Book of Gates
Vol III: The Egyptian Heaven and Hell

The Liturgy of Funerary Offerings
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1909].
Also known as "The Book of the Opening of the Mouth", this book contains a large extract from the Pyramid Texts, the oldest known Ancient Egyptian sacred text.

The Demotic Magical Papyrus of London and Leiden
by F.Ll. Griffith and Herbert Thompson [1904]
A late Egyptian magical text originally written in Demotic.
Reprinted by Dover as 'The Leyden Papyrus.'

Legends of the Gods: The Egyptian Texts
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1912]
Translations of key Ancient Egyptian myths.
Includes the De Iside et Osiride of Plutarch

The Burden of Isis
by James Teackle Dennis [1910]
A translation of a set of hymns to the goddess Isis.

The Wisdom of the Egyptians
by Brian Brown [1923]
Coverage of the history of Ancient Egyptian religion, with some important texts included:

the Ptah-Hotep and the Ke'gemini
the Wisdom of Hermes Trismegistus
the Story of the Book of Thoth

The Rosetta Stone
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1893, 1905]
The famous monument which opened up the Ancient Egyptian writing system: with extensive background material and a full translation of the text.

The Hieroglyphics of Horapollo
translated by Alexander Turner Cory [1840]
An attempt in late antiquity to explain Egyptian Hieroglyphs as pure symbols (very unsuccessfully). Noted for its influence on later occultists.

Records of the Past
ed. by A. H. Sayce [1888]
Translations of mythological and historical texts from the Ancient Near East.


General

Tutankhamen: Amenism, Atenism and Egyptian Monotheism
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1923]

Egyptian Mythology and Egyptian Christianity
Samuel Sharpe [1863].

Egyptian Ideas of the Future Life
E. A. Wallis Budge [1900].

Egyptian Magic
E. A. Wallis Budge [1901]

Egyptian Myth and Legend
Donald A. Mackenzie [1907]
Thousands of years of tales of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses.

Ancient Egyptian Legends
Margaret Alice Murray [1920]
A taste of Ancient Egyptian mythology, by the trailblazing scholar Margaret Murray.

Legends of Babylonia and Egypt
by Leonard W. King 396,030 bytes


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