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Pahlavi Texts, Part IV (SBE37), E.W. West, tr. [1892], at


dkar Nask.

1. The ninth fargard, Yathâis 1, is about the devilry, the blighted destiny, the complete pollution, the grievous stench, the heinous sinfulness, and the annoyance to all spiritual and worldly virtue of the sodomite. 2. The atonement for grievous sinfulness and the appropriation of great good works by him who is a molester, and the awful sinfulness of him who is a propitiator, of that sinner. 3. Of the seven one mentions as evil, who are accounted equal to the evil spirit in vileness—such as Az-î Dahâk 2 in witchcraft, the serpent Srôbar in violence, Vadak 3 in producing evil progeny 4, Tûr-î Brâdar-vakhsh in destroying a righteous man, and an apostate 5 in grievous sinfulness—the permitter and performer of

p. 186

unnatural intercourse are unique in heinous sinfulness.

4. Perfect is the excellence of righteousness.


185:1 The first word of the sixth hâ of the first Gâtha (Yas. XXXIII, 1), here written yâsâîs in Pahlavi in both MSS.

185:2 See Bk. VIII, Chaps. XIII, 8, XXXV, 13, and Dd. LXXII, 2-9, which last chapter contains further details regarding these seven heinous sinners, probably derived from the actual text of this ninth fargard of the Sûdkar Nask.

185:3 The mother of Dahâk (Dd. LXXII, 5), the same as Udaî in Bd. XXXI, 6; for her viciousness see Dd. LXXVIII, 2.

185:4 Pahl. saryâ hûnŏ-dahakîh, which last word indicates an original Av. hunusta (see Pahl. Yas. L, 10 b).

185:5 Both MSS. have Aharmanŏ, but this differs only in its last letter from aharmôk, 'an apostate,' which is the reading of Dd. LXXII, 9 and more suitable to the context.

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