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Pahlavi Texts, Part III (SBE24), E.W. West, tr. [1885], at


1. The sage asked the spirit of wisdom (2) thus: 'What is the business of the priests, warriors, and husbandmen 5, each separately?'

3. The spirit of wisdom answered (4) thus: 'The business of the priests is to maintain the religion properly; (5) and to perform the ceremonial and invocation of the sacred beings well and with attention,

p. 68

[paragraph continues] (6) and 1 the decrees, decisions 2, custom, and control 3, as revealed by the pure, good religion of the Mazda-worshippers. 7. To make people aware of the goodness of good works 4; (8) and to show the way to heaven, and the danger and avoidance of hell.

9. 'The business of the warriors is to defeat the enemy; (10) and to keep their own country and land (bûm) 5 unalarmed and tranquil.

11. 'And the business of the husbandmen is to perform tillage and cultivation; (12) and, to the extent of their ability, to keep the world invigorated and populous.'


67:5 The three classes which are often mentioned in the Avesta as constituting the Mazda-worshipping community. For their vices, see Chap. LIX.

68:1 L19 inserts 'to keep true.'

68:2 K43 has dâddistân, 'decisions of the law;' but the repetition of the syllable dâd is probably a clerical blunder.

68:3 L19 omits va band, 'and control.'

68:4 L19 has 'aware of good works and sin.'

68:5 L19 has vîmand, 'frontier.'

Next: Chapter XXXII