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The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30), by Hermann Oldenberg, [1892], at


1. 1 We shall explain the Âgrahâyanî ceremony.

2. 2 On the full-moon day of Mârgasîrsha he puts wood on the fire, strews (Darbha grass) on the entire surface round the fire, cooks a mess of sacrificial food with milk, sprinkles it (with Âgya), takes it from the fire, performs the rites down to the Vyâhriti oblations, and sacrifices (four oblations) with (the following Mantras):

'This offering, the creeping of Idâ, rich in ghee, moving and not moving, accept gladly, O Gâtavedas.

p. 240

[paragraph continues] What domestic animals there are, of all shapes, all seven kinds of them: may they gladly dwell here and may they prosper. Svâhâ!

'The night which men welcome like a cow that comes to them, (the night) which is the consort of the year, may that (night) be auspicious to us. Svâhâ!

'Bringing bliss to the cattle, to the wife, bringing bliss by night and by day, may this (night) which is the consort of the year, be auspicious to us. Svâhâ!

'The full-moon night, bringing abundance, visiting one after another, dividing the months and fortnights: may this (night), the full one, protect us. Svâhâ!'

3. 3 He sacrifices the oblation to Agni Svishtakrit with (the verse), 'Agni, make this (sacrifice) full that it may be well offered. Be victorious, O god, in all battles. Shine far and wide, showing us a wide path. Bestow on us long life, full of splendour and free from decay. Svâhâ!'

4. Then he washes his hands and touches the earth with (the formulas), 'In power I establish myself, in royalty. Among the horses I establish myself, among the cows. In the limbs I establish myself, in the self. In the Prânas I establish myself, in prosperity. In Heaven and Earth I establish myself, in sacrifice.

'May the three times eleven gods, the thirty-three, the gracious ones, whose Purohita is Brihaspati, on the impulse of the god Savitri—may the gods with (all) the gods give me bliss!'

5. The master of the house sits down at their southerly end,

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6. The other persons to the north,

7. According to their seniority.

8. They who know the Mantras among them, murmur the Mantras (which will be stated).

9. With (the verse), 'Be soft to us, O earth, free from thorns; grant us rest; afford us wide shelter' (Taitt. Ar. X, 1, 10), and with the two (verses), 'Verily of the mountains' (Taitt. Samh. II, 2, 12, 2. 3) they lie down on their right sides.

10. With (the verse), 'Up! with life' (Taitt. Samh. I, 2, 8, 1) they arise.

11. When they have arisen, they murmur, 'We have arisen; we have become immortal.'

12. In that way they (lie down and) arise that night three times.

13. 13 Having served food to the Brâhmanas and having caused them to say, 'An auspicious day! Hail! Good luck!' they rest that night.

End of the Seventh Patala.


239:1 17, 1. Comp. on the Âgrahâyanî ceremony Sâṅkhâyana IV, 17; Pâraskara III, 2, &c.; Winternitz, Sarpabali, 32 seq.

239:2 The first Mantra is very corrupt; comp. Atharva-veda III, 10, 6. Regarding the legend of Idâ, who was procreated out of Manu's Pala-sacrifice, and 'came forth as if dripping, and clarified butter gathered on her step,' comp. Satapatha Brâhmana I, 8, 1, 7 (M.M., India, what can it teach us? p. 136).

240:3 Comp. Taitt. Br. II, 4, I, 4; Pâraskara III, 1, 3.

241:13 Here end the Grihya ceremonies,' says Mâtridatta. Dr. Kirste (Preface, p. viii), accordingly, believes that the three last chapters may be later additions. It may be observed in connection with this, that in the Âpastambîya-Grihya, which throughout is so closely related to our text, the ceremonies of the Upâkarana and Utsargana, of which these three chapters treat, are not described.

Next: II, 8, 18