Letter X. To Paul, an Old Man of Concordia.
Jerome writes to Paul of Concordia, a centenarian (§2), and the owner of a good theological library (§3), to lend him some commentaries. In return he sends him his life (newly written) of Paul the hermit. 127 The date of the letter is 374 a.d.
1. The shortness of mans life is the punishment for mans sin; and the fact that even on the very threshold of the light death constantly overtakes the new-born child proves that the times are continually sinking into deeper depravity. For when the first tiller of paradise had been entangled by the serpent in his snaky coils, and had been forced in consequence to migrate earthwards, although his deathless state was changed for a mortal one, yet the sentence 128 of mans curse was put off for nine hundred years, or even more, a period so long that it may be called a second immortality. Afterwards sin gradually grew more and more virulent, till the ungodliness of the giants 129 brought in its train the shipwreck of the whole world. Then when the world had been cleansed by the baptism—if I may so call it—of the deluge, human life was contracted to a short span. Yet even this we have almost altogether wasted, so continually do our iniquities fight against the divine purposes. For how few there are, either who go beyond their hundredth year, or who, going beyond it, do not regret that they have done so; according to that which the Scripture witnesses in the book of Psalms: “the days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and sorrow.” 130
2. Why, say you, these opening reflections so remote and so far fetched that one might use against them the Horatian witticism:
Back to the eggs which Leda laid for Zeus,
The bard is fain to trace the war of Troy? 131
Simply that I may describe in fitting terms your great age and hoary head as white as Christs. 132 For see, the hundredth circling year is already passing over you, and yet, always keeping the commandments of the Lord, amid the circumstances of your present life you think over the blessedness of that which is to come. Your eyes are bright and keen, your steps steady, your hearing good, your teeth are white, your voice musical, your flesh firm and full of sap; your ruddy cheeks belie your white hairs, your strength is not that of your age. Advancing years have not, as we too often see them do, impaired the tenacity of your memory; the coldness of your blood has not blunted an intellect at once warm and wary. 133 Your face is not wrinkled nor your brow furrowed. Lastly, no tremors palsy your hand or cause it to travel in crooked pathways over the wax on which you write. The Lord shows us in you the bloom of the resurrection that is to be ours; so that whereas in others who die by inches whilst yet living, we recognize the results of sin, in your case we ascribe it p. 12 to righteousness that you still simulate youth at an age to which it is foreign. And although we see the like haleness of body in many even of those who are sinners, in their case it is a grant of the devil to lead them into sin, whilst in yours it is a gift of God to make you rejoice.
3. Tully in his brilliant speech on behalf of Flaccus 134 describes the learning of the Greeks as “innate frivolity and accomplished vanity.”
Certainly their ablest literary men used to receive money for pronouncing eulogies upon their kings or princes. Following their example, I set a price upon my praise. Nor must you suppose my demand a small one. You are asked to give me the pearl of the Gospel, 135 “the words of the Lord,” “pure words, even as the silver which from the earth is tried, and purified seven times in the fire,” 136 I mean the commentaries of Fortunatian 137 and—for its account of the persecutors—the History of Aurelius Victor, 138 and with these the Letters of Novatian; 139 so that, learning the poison set forth by this schismatic, we may the more gladly drink of the antidote supplied by the holy martyr Cyprian. In the mean time I have sent to you, that is to say, to Paul the aged, a Paul that is older still. 140 I have taken great pains to bring my language down to the level of the simpler sort. But, somehow or other, though you fill it with water, the jar retains the odor which it acquired when first used. 141 If my little gift should please you, I have others also in store which (if the Holy Spirit shall breathe favorably), shall sail across the sea to you with all kinds of eastern merchandise.
See the Life of Paul in this volume.11:128
Gen. vi. 4.11:130
Ps. xc. 10.11:131
Hor. A. P. 147. Zeus having visited Leda in the form of a swan, she produced two eggs, from one of which came Castor and Pollux, and from the other Helen, who was the cause of the Trojan war.11:132
Rev. i. 14.11:133
A play on words: callidus, “wary,” is indistinguishable in sound from calidus, “warm.”12:134
The words quoted do not occur in the extant portion of Ciceros speech.12:135
Matt. xiii. 46.12:136
Ps. xii. 7, P. B. V.12:137
For some account of this writer see Jerome, De V. iii. c. xcvii.12:138
A Roman annalist some of whose works are still extant. He was contemporary with but probably older than Jerome.12:139
A puritan of the third century who seceded from the Roman church because of the laxity of its discipline.12:140
I.e. the life of Paul the Hermit, translated in this vol.12:141
Hor. Ep. I. ii. 69; cf. T. Moore:
“You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will:
The scent of the roses will hang round it still.”