And how Christ after He was born was to escape the notice of other men until He grew to mans estate, which also came to pass, hear what was foretold regarding this. There are the following predictions: 1834 —“Unto us a child is born, and unto us a young man is given, and the government shall be upon His shoulders;” 1835 which is significant of the power of the cross, for to it, when He was crucified, He applied His shoulders, as shall be more clearly made out in the ensuing discourse. And again the same prophet Isaiah, being inspired by the prophetic Spirit, said, “I have spread out my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people, to those who walk in a way that is not good. They now ask of me judgment, and dare to draw near to God.” 1836 And again in other words, through another prophet, He says, “They pierced My hands and My feet, and for My vesture they cast lots.” 1837 And indeed David, the king and prophet, who uttered these things, suffered none of them; but Jesus Christ stretched forth His hands, being crucified by the Jews speaking against Him, and denying that He was the Christ. And as the prophet spoke, they tormented Him, and set Him on the judgment-seat, and said, Judge us. And the expression, “They pierced my hands and my feet,” was used in reference to the nails of the cross which were fixed in His hands and feet. And after He was crucified they cast lots upon His vesture, and they p. 175 that crucified Him parted it among them. And that these things did happen, you can ascertain from the Acts of Pontius Pilate. 1838 And we will cite the prophetic utterances of another prophet, Zephaniah, 1839 to the effect that He was foretold expressly as to sit upon the foal of an ass and to enter Jerusalem. The words are these: “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.” 1840
These predictions have so little reference to the point Justin intends to make out, that some editors have supposed that a passage has here been lost. Others think the irrelevancy an insufficient ground for such a supposition. [See below, cap. xl.]174:1835
Isa. ix. 6.174:1836
Isa. lxv. 2, Isa. lviii. 2.174:1837
Ps. xxii. 16.175:1838
ἄκτων. These Acts of Pontius Pilate, or regular accounts of his procedure sent by Pilate to the Emperor Tiberius, are supposed to have been destroyed at an early period, possibly in consequence of the unanswerable appeals which the Christians constantly made to them. There exists a forgery in imitation of these Acts. See Trollope.175:1839
The reader will notice that these are not the words of Zephaniah, but of Zechariah (ix. 9), to whom also Justin himself refers them in the Dial. Tryph., c. 53. [Might be corrected in the text, therefore, as a clerical slip of the pen.]175:1840
Zech. ix. 9.