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A list of some of the books which were helpful in this study of man's conceptions of the figure of Earth and its relation to the Universe.

ARISTOTLE, De Coelo. Tr. by Thomas Taylor. On the Heavens. London, 1807.

------ De Mundo. Tr. by Thomas Taylor. On the World. (In the Metaphysics, pp. 585-621. London, 1842.)


BEAZLEY, C. RAYMOND, The Dawn of Modern Geography. John Murray, London, 1897-1906. 3 vols.

BERRY, ARTHUR, A Short History of Astronomy. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1899.

BEUCHAT, H., Manuel d'Archeologie américaine. Paris, 1912.

BLUNDEVILLE HIS EXERCISES. London, 1606. 3rd edition.

BRINTON, DANIEL G., The Lenape and Their Legends. (In Brinton's Library of Aboriginal American Literature, No. 5. Philadelphia, 1885.)

------ A Primer of Mayan Hieroglyphics. Univ. of Penna. Publ. ser. in Philology, Literature and Archeology, Vol. III, No. 2, 1894.

------ The Myths of the New World. D. McKay, Philadelphia, 1896. 3rd edition.

BUDGE, E. A. WALLIS, The Egyptian Heaven and Hell. (In Books on Egypt and Chaldea, Vols. XX-XXII. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., London, 1906.)

------ The Babylonian Legends of the Creation. British Museum, London, 1921.

------ The Babylonian Legends of the Deluge. British Museum, London, 1920.

BURNET, THOMAS, The Theory of the Earth. London, 1697.


CHURCHWARD, JAMES, The Lost Continent of Mu. William Edwin Rudge, New York, 1926.

CICERO, Somnium Scipionis. Tr. by C. R. Edmonds. The Dream of Scipio. (In Of Offices or Moral Duties. Bohn's Classical Library. London, 1853.)

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CODEX FERJÉRVÁRY-MAYER. An old Mexican picture manuscript in the Liverpool Free Public Museums. Elucidated by Eduard Seler. Berlin, 1901-1902.

COLUMBUS, CHRISTOPHER, Select Letters. Tr. by R. H. Major. (In Hakluyt Society Works, No. 11, London, 1847. 2nd edition.)

COOK, THEODORE ANDREA, Spiral Forms in Nature and in Art. John Murray, London, 1903.

------ The Curves of Life. Henry Holt and Co., New York, 1914.

COSMAS INDICOPLEUSTES, Topographia Christiana. Tr. by J. W. McCrindle. Christian Topography. (In Hakluyt Society Works, No. 98, London, 1897.)

CUNEIFORM TEXTS from Babylonian Tablets, etc., in the British Museum. Pt. XXII, Plate 48. British Museum, London, 1906.


DANTE, The Divine Comedy. Various editions.

DELAMBRE, J. B. J., Histoire de l’Astronomie ancienne. Paris, 1817.

------ Histoire de l’Astronomie du Moyen-Age. Paris, 1819.

DIXON, ROLAND B., Maidu Texts. (In American Ethnological Society Publications, Vol. 4. Leyden, 1912.)

DREYER, J. L. E., History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler. University Press, Cambridge, 1905.

DU BOSE, HAMPTON C., Dragon, Image and Demon. A. C. Armstrong & Co., New York, 1887.


EDDA, THE PROSE OR YOUNGER, of Snorre Sturleson. Tr. by G. W. Dasent. Stockholm, 1842.

EVERSHED, MARY A. ORR, Dante and the Early Astronomers. Gall and Inglis, London, 1913.


FLAMMARION'S ASTRONOMICAL MYTHS. Edited by John Blake. Macmillan & Co., London, 1877.

FLUDD, ROBERT, Utriusque Cosmi Majoris scilicet et Minoris Metaphysica, Physica atque Technica Historia. 1617-1629.

------ Microcosmi Historia. 1619.

------ Medicina Catholica. Frankfort, 1629.

------ Summum Bonum. 1629.

FOLKARD, JR., RICHARD, Plant Lore, Legends and Lyrics. Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, London, 1884.

FONVIELLE, W. DE, Histoire de la lune. Paris, 1886.


GARDNER, MARSHALL B., A Journey to the Earth's Interior, or Have the Poles Really Been Discovered? Aurora, Ill., 1920. 2nd edition.

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GREEN, WILLIAM LOWTHIAN, Vestiges of the Molten Globe. Edward Stanford, London, 1875.



HOMER, Iliad. Various editions.

------ Odyssey. Various editions.

HOMMEL, FRITZ, Der Babylonische Ursprung der Ägyptischen Kultur. Diagram of Babylonian Universe, p. 8. Munich, 1892.

------ Diagram of Babylonian Universe. (In Aufsätse und Abhandlung, th. iii, p. 346. Munich, 1901.)




JENSEN, P. C. A., Die Kosmologie der Babylonier. Diagram of Babylonian Universe in Appendix. Strassburg, 1890.

JOB. The Book of Job.

JOURNAL ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY of Great Britain and Ireland, 1908. "The Babylonian Universe Newly Interpreted," by William Fairfield Warren, pp. 977-983.


KEPLER, JOHANN, Harmonices Mundi. 1619.

KINGSBOROUGH, EDWARD KING, Antiquities of Mexico. London, 1830-1848. 9 vols.

KIRCHER, ATHANASIUS, Mundus Subterraneus. Amsterdam, 1678. 2 vols.

------ Iter exstaticum coeleste. Norimburg, 1660.

------ Arca Noë. Amsterdam, 1675. 3 vols.

------ Physiologia Kircheriana Experimentalis. Amsterdam, 1680.

KIRFEL, W., Die Kosmographie der Inder. Bonn, 1920.


LENORMANT, FRANÇOIS, Les origines de l’histoire, etc. Tr. by Mary Lockwood. The Beginnings of History According to the Bible and the Traditions of Oriental Peoples from the Creation of Man to the Deluge. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1882.

LEWIS, GEORGE CORNEWALL, An Historical Survey of the Astronomy of the Ancients. London, 1862.

LITCHFIELD, MARY ELIZABETH, The Nine Worlds. Ginn & Co., Boston, 1890.

LOCKYER, J. NORMAN, The Dawn of Astronomy. Cassell & Co., London, 1894.

LUCRETIUS, De Rerum Natura. Tr. by H. A. J. Monroe. On the Nature of Things. (In Bohn's Classical Library, London, 1864.)

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MCBRIDE, JAMES, The Symmes Theory of Concentric Spheres. Cincinnati, 1826.

M’CLATCHIE, THOMAS, Confucian Cosmogony. Shanghai, 1874.

MAHABHARATA, THE. Tr. from the Sanskrit by Pratap Chandra Roy. Calcutta, 1883-1893. 18 vols.

MALLERY, GARRICK, Picture-Writing of the American Indians. Extracted from the Tenth Annual Report of the United States Bureau of Ethnology. Washington, D. C., 1894.

MASPERO, GASTON, The Dawn of Civilization. Diagram of Babylonian Universe, p. 543. D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1894.

MEAD, G. R. S., Fragments of a Faith Forgotten. Theosophical Publishing Society, London, 1906. and edition.

MEISSNER, BRUNO, Die Kultur Babylonien und Assyrien. Diagram of Babylonian Universe, Vol. II, p. 109. Heidelberg, 1920. 2 vols.


MILL, HUGH R., The Siege of the South Pole. Frederick A. Stokes Co., New York, 1905.

MILLER, KONRAD, Mappa Mundi: Die ältesten Weltkarten. Stuttgart, 1895-1898. 6 vols.

MILTON, Paradise Lost.

MOREAUX, THÉOPHILE, Astronomy To-day. Tr. by C. F. Russel. Methuen & Co., London, 1926.

------ L’Atlantide, a-t-elle-existe? Paris, 1924.

------ Un jour dans la lune. Paris, 1912.

MYER, ISAAC, Qabbalah. Philadelphia, 1888.

MYTHOLOGY OF ALL RACES. Edited by Louis Herbert Gray. Marshall Jones Company, Boston, 1916-1928. 13 vols.


NARRIEN, JOHN, An Historical Account of the Origin and Process of Astronomy. London, 1833.

NEWBROUGH, JOHN BALLOU, Oahspe, A New Bible in the Words of Jehovih. Oahspe Publishing Co., Boston, 1891.


NICHOL, JOHN, Thoughts on Some Important Points Relating to the System of the World. Edinburgh, 1848.

NORDENSKIÖLD, A. E., Periplus, An Essay on the Early History of Charts and Sailing Directions. Tr. by F. A. Bather. Stockholm, 1897.


OLCUTT, W. T., Starlore of All Ages. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1911.

ORCHARD, THOMAS N., Milton's Cosmogony. Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1913. See also 2nd edition, 1915.

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PHILPOT, MRS. JOHN H., The Sacred Tree, or The Tree in Religion and Myth. Macmillan & Co., London, 1897.

PLATO, Timaeus and Critias. Tr. by H. Davis. (In Bohn's Classical Library, London, 1849.)

PLOTINUS, Select Works. Tr. by Thomas Taylor. (In Bohn's Philosophical Library, London, 1 895.)

PLUTARCH, On the Apparent Face in the Orb of the Moon. (In his Moralia. Various editions.)

PORDAGE, JOHN, Theologica Mystica, or the Archetypous Globe. London, 1683.


RADAU, HUGO, The Creation Story of Genesis. Diagram of the Babylonian Universe, p. 56, 1902.

RAFINESQUE, CONSTANTINE S., Wallamolum or painted traditions of the Linipe Indians, translated by C. S. Rafinesque in 1833; with a fragment on the history of the Linipi since about 1600 when the Wallamolum closes. A transcript from the original manuscript, in the MSS. Division of the New York Public Library.

RECORDE, ROBERT, The Castle of Knowledge. London, 1556.


SANTAREM, V. DE, Atlas composé de mappemondes et de cartes hydrographiques et historiques depuis le XIe jusqu’ au XVIIe siècle. Paris, 1849.

SCOTT-ELLIOT, W., The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. With Maps. Theosophical Publishing Society, London, 1925.


SINGER, CHARLES. The Scientific Views and Visions of Saint Hildegard. (In Studies in the History and Method of Science, edited by Charles Singer, Vol. I. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1917. 2 vols.)

SPENCE, LEWIS, Atlantis in America. Ernest Benn, London, 1925.

STEVENSON, EDWARD LUTHER, Terrestrial and Celestial Globes. Published for the Hispanic Society of America by the Yale University Press, New Haven, 1921. 2 vols.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL, The Earths in the Universe. The Swedenborg Society, London, 1875.

SYMMES, AMERICUS, The Symmes Theory of Concentric Spheres. Louisville, 1878.


TEED, CYRUS REED, The Cellular Cosmogony, The Earth a Concave Sphere. Guiding Star Publishing House, Estero, Fla., 1905.

TEIT, JAMES, The Thompson River Indians of British Columbia. (In Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. II, pp. 163-392. New York, 1900.)

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WADDELL, L. AUSTINE, The Buddhism of Tibet, or Lamaism. Luzac & Co., London, 1899.

WARREN, WILLIAM FAIRFIELD, Paradise Found. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1885.

------ The Universe as Pictured in Milton's Paradise Lost. Abingdon Press, New York, 1915.

------ The Babylonian Universe Newly Interpreted. (In Journal Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1908, pp. 977-983.)

WEGENER, ALFRED, Die enstehung der continente und ozeane. Tr. by J. G. A. Skerl. The Origin of Continents and Oceans. Methuen & Co., London, 1924.

WHISTON, WILLIAM, A New Theory of Earth. London, 1690.

WHITEHOUSE, OWEN C., Diagram of the Babylonian Universe. (In his article on "Cosmogony" in Hastings's Dictionary of the Bible, Vol. I, p. 503. Edinburgh, 1898.)

WRIGHT, JOHN K., The Geographical Lore of the Time of the Crusades. American Geographical Society, New York, 1925.