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A.Anguttara-Nikâya. Edited by Rev. Richard Morris. Pâli Text Society, London, 1885-8.
CV.Culla-Vagga. Edited by Hermann Oldenberg. Vinaya-Pitaka, vol. ii., London, 1880.
D.Dîgha-Nikâya, vol. i. Edited by T. W. R. Davids and J. E. Carpenter. P. T. S., 1890.
Dhp.Dhammapada. Edited by V. Fausböll. Copenhagen. 1855.
Grimblot.Sept Suttas Pâlis. Edited by P. Grimblot. Paris, 1876.
J.Jâtaka, together with its Commentary, 5 vols. Edited by V. Fausböll, 1877-91.
JPTS.Journal of the Pâli Text Society.
JRAS.Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, London.
M.Majjhima-Nikâya. Edited by V. Trenckner. P. T. S., 1888.
Mil.Milindapañha. Edited by V. Trenckner. London, 1880.
MPS.Mahâ-Parinibbâna-Sutta. Edited by R. C. Childers, London, 1878. JRAS., new series, vii.; also separately.
MSS.Mahâ-Satipatthâna-Sutta. Colombo, 1883.
MV.Mahâ-Vagga. Edited by Hermann Oldenberg. Vinaya-Pitaka, vol. i., London, 1879.
P's Aut.Mrs. Piozzi's Autobiography. Edited by Hayward. Boston, 1861.
S.Samyutta-Nikâya. Edited by Leon Feer. P. T. S., 1884-94.
Sum Vil.Sumangala-Vilâsinî. Edited by T. W. R. Davids and J. E. Carpenter. P. T. S., 1886.
Ud.Udâna. Edited by Paul Steinthal. P. T. S., 1885.
Vis.Visuddhi-Magga, in manuscript.

The abbreviations and numbers at the upper inside corners of the pages of this book refer, as precisely as may be, to the chapter and other subdivisions or to the volume and page and line of the original work from which the beginning of the page concerned is translated.


Short a, as in organ, or like the u in but. The other vowels, as in the key-words, far, pin, pîque, pull, rûle, (and roughly) they, so. Pronounce c like ch in church, and j as in judge. The "aspirates" are true aspirates: thus, th, dh, ph, as in hothouse, madhouse, uphill. They are not spirants as in thin, graphic. The underdotted t, d, n, etc. are pronounced (by the Hindus, at least) with the tip of the tongue turned up and drawn back. Dotted m indicates nasalization of the preceding vowel. {None of the dotted letters or the n-line-over, which is not mentioned here, are represented in this transcription}

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