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Tractate Berakoth, by , by A. Lukyn Williams, [1921], at

p. xviii




Surenhusius, Amsterdam, 1698. Text and Latin Version with useful notes.

Rabe, J. J., Onolzbach, 1760. The whole Mishna translated into German, with introductions and notes.

Rabe, J. J., Brachoth, Halle, 1777. Translation of the Mishna and also of the Jerusalem and the Babylonian Gemaras.

De Sola and Raphall. Eighteen Treatises from the Mishna, London, 1843.

Barclay, J. The Talmud, London, 1878.

Fiebig, P. Berachoth, Der Mischnatractat, "Segensspruche" ins Deutsche übersetzt, Tubingen, 1906.

Holtzmann, O. Die Mischna—Berakot (Gebete). Text, Übersetzung und Erklärung, Giessen, 1912. A courageous, but not very successful, attempt to explain the Mishna, independently of Jewish authorities; see Laible's scathing review in the Theologisches Literaturblatt (Leipzig), for 1913, coll. i-6, 25-28.


There is no translation in English, and only three in other languages, so far as I am aware: one in Latin and two in German.

Ugolini, Thesaurus, vol. xx. 1757.

p. xix

LAIBLE, H., Der Tosefta-Traktat Berachoth aus dem Hebräischen ins Deutsche übersetzt (Programm des K. bayer. Progymnasiums zu Rothenburg o. Tbr.), 1902. Invaluable. I wish once for all to acknowledge my indebtedness to it in many details.

Holtzmann, O., Der Tosephtatraktat Berakot, Text, Übersetzung und Erklärung, Giessen, 1912. See Strack's very severe articles, with Holtzmann's attempted defence, in the Theologisches Literaturblatt, Leipzig, 1912, coil: 481-487, 529-534.

Other helps which have been freely used, besides some which are mentioned only occasionally in the Notes.

Strack, Einleitung in den Talmud, Leipzig, 1908 (cited as Strack). [5th Edition, 1921.]

Krauss, Talmudische Archäologie, 1910-12 (cited as Krauss).

Oesterley and Box, The Religion and Worship of the Synagogue, 1911 (cited as Oesterley and Box).

Bacher, Die Agada der Tannaiten, vol. i. 1903.

Bacher, Die exegetische Terminologie der jüdischen Traditions-literatur. Part I. Die bib. Term. d. Tannaiten, 1899.

Staerk, D. W., Altjüdische Liturgische Gebete (Lietzmann's Kleine Texte), 1910 (cited as Staerk).

Elbogen, J., Der jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung, Leipzig, 1913 (cited as Elbogen).

Abrahams, I., Annotated Edition of Singer's

p. xx

[paragraph continues] Authorised Daily Prayer Book, London, 1914 (cited as SA, but for every reference Abrahams’ notes should be compared).

Jastrow, M., A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature. New York, 1903 (cited as Jastrow).

T. B., Talmud Babli, the Gemara of the Babylonians, c. 500 A.D. (cited by the standard pages).

T. J., Talmud Jerushalmì, the Gemara of the Palestinians, c. 400 A.D., cited by the pages and columns of the Krotoschin (1866) reprint of the Venice (1522) edition, together with the section and the Mishna. But most modern editions do not observe the pages, and often differ in the notation of sections and Mishnaioth.

Oesterley and Box, A Short Survey of the Literature of Rabbinical and Mediæval Judaism, 1920, appeared too late for use.

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