The Talmud, by Joseph Barclay, , at sacred-texts.com
Pouring WaterVesselsWaterWho may pourHow it is to be pouredHindrances to CleannessDoubtingPrimary UncleannessSecondary UncleannessDerived UncleannessRabban Simeon, Son of GamalielStraps of PhylacteriesRolls of the LawHoly ScripturesCanticles and EcclesiastesFoot-bathsAmmon and MoabDiscussion between Rabbis Eleazar, Ishmael, and TarphonWeeping of R. EleazarAn Ammonite ProselyteChaldee WritingAssyrian WritingThe SadduceesThe Books of HomerThe PhariseesWriting the Name.
1. A Quarter log 1 of water is poured on the hands of one person; also on the hands of two persons. Half a log on three or four. From a log for five, ten, or even one hundred (persons.) R. José says, "provided there be not less for the last than a quarter log." Men may add (water) for the second washing, 2 but they must not add it for the first.
2. They may put water for hands in all vessels, even in vessels of dung, or vessels of stone, or vessels of earth. But they must not pour it on hands out of the (broken) sides of vessels, or the bottom of a tub, or the bung of a cask. Nor may one give it to his neighbour out of the hollow of his hand: because they must not draw or consecrate, or sprinkle the water of purification, or put it on hands, except it be in a vessel. They can only preserve vessels by the covering bound 3 upon them. Nor can they preserve from
uncleanness water in open earthen vessels, 1 only in (covered) vessels.
3. Water which is unfit for animals to drink, is unfit (for washing) in vessels; but on the ground it is fit. If ink, gum, or vitriol black drop into it, and its colour be changed, it is unfit. If one made use of it, or soaked his bread in it, it is unfit. Simeon the Temanite said, "even if he intended to soak it in one vessel and it dropped into another, it is fit."
4. If one rinsed vessels in it, or rinsed out measures, it is unfit. If one rinsed in it vessels already washed, or new ones, it is fit. R. José "disallows it for new vessels."
5. Water in which the baker has dipped rolls, is unfit; but if he only dipped in his hands, it is fit. All are allowed to pour water on hands, even one deaf, an idiot, or a minor. A man may rest a cask between his knees and pour it. He may incline the barrel on its side and pour it. An ape may pour water on hands. R. José "disallows these two cases."
324:1 A log is about half a pint.
324:2 Before eating ordinary food the hands must be washed once. Before eating consecrated food they must be washed twice.
324:3 Num. xix. 15.
325:1 i.e. From the uncleanness of a dead reptile.