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The Exit of The Israelites From Egypt to Palestine
God said: And verily We inspired Moses, saying: Take away My slaves by night and strike for them a dry path in the sea, fearing not to be overtaken, neither being afraid (of the sea)(TaHa:77). What is mentioned in Torah in brief is that the pharaoh permitted for the Israelites to go out with Moses to get rid of the adversities that came over him and his people because of them and to answer the requests of Moses, and not because that the pharaoh believed in Moses. When the pharaoh permitted that he regretted and so he gathered armies from all the cities and followed them to get them back into slavery, and the reasons for his regret as they attributed are all silly that do not deserve to be mentioned. The Israelites reached the shores of the red sea over the gulf of Suez, so he (the pharaoh) followed them with the sun rising, so the people of Moses knew that they are destroyed and the pharaoh will kill them, so Moses calmed them down and stroke the sea with his staff as God commanded him and so it was splitted so that its floor appeared and he commanded the Israelites to pass over and so they did from the western coast to the eastern coast and the pharaoh arrived to the place that they passed from and saw a road through the sea that is not rugged and the Israelites passed from it and were not hurt, so he got into the road running after the Israelites, so when all of the israelites were out of the sea and the pharaoh were in the middle, the sea then closed together and the pharaoh was drawned with his soldiers and no one of them escaped, and when he was sure of the destruction he said:  believe that there is no Allah save Him in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of those who surrender (unto Him)(Younus:90).
Abdul-Wahâb Al-Najjâr said about this matter what is in brief: the pharaoh did not believe in the content of his word but he just wanted to be saved from being destroyed and it is like the other miracles that he saw from him (Moses) but did not believe in because of his tyranny, and they usedto say for Moses (PUH): O Moses! Pray for us unto thy Lord, because He hath a covenant with thee. If thou removest the terror from us we verily will trust thee..etc, and also said to him: O wizard! Entreat thy Lord for us by the pact that He hath made with thee. Lo! we verily will walk aright, so then God used to relief them of the adversities and they get back to what they used to do before for they thought that they would be saved as before. Some claim that the pharaoh was saved for he believed in God at the end and they use clues that should never be listened to, and God says: The forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth upon one of them, he saith: Lo! I repent now..etc(Al-Nisâ':18), and also God did say: What! Now! When hitherto thou hast rebelled and been of the wrong-doers? But this day We save thee in thy body that thou mayst be a portent for those after thee..etc(Younus:91-92).
As it is attributed to Al-Ridhâ (PUH) in his answer to someone asked him about the reason for the destruction of the pharaoh and he believed in God before his death, so he (PUH) said: for he believed when he saw the power, and being faithful when looking at power is something not accepted, and this is the judgement of God in previous nations and all the creations, and God did say: Then, when they saw Our doom, they said: We believe in Allah only and reject (all) that we used to associate (with Him). But their faith could not avail them when they saw Our doom(Ghâfir:84-85), thus when the pharaoh was about to be destroyed he said: I believed..etc. The pharaoh was covered with iron shields from the top of his head to his toes and when he was drawned, God did make his body on a high ground to be a sermon for people after him, thus when they see him with all his heavy weight because of the shields in a high place they would reckon about the meanings. We've pointed out that there is a confusion between historians and interpreters about the reason for destroying the pharaoh after showing faith, and they answered this in many ways and the best of all is what we just mentioned above. They did differ also in the place of the miracle of Moses so some said: it was in the place that is called Birkat Fir`un (the lake of the pharaoh), and they say the passing over began from there, and also said: their passing was to the north of the place called `Uyun Musâ (springs of Moses) which is in the Asian lands and it is not far away from Suez, and some said: their passing was between Suez and Al-Buhayrah Al-Murrah (The Bitter Lake) at a time when both of them were connected together. They say that the width of the bay, that Moses did strike with his staff and splitted apart, was four leagues, twelve miles, forty eight thousand cubits as measured by the arm.
It is mentioned in Torah that God sent an eastern wind to the sea and removed water until the land appeared and then the Israelites passed over and the pharaoh followed them and he was drawned, and by meditating there is no doubt that a thoughtful man would have about this matter and it is a miracle for Moses and to save his people and the destruction of the pharaoh and his people. The road in the sea was created either by a wind blow or by striking it with a staff as it is mentioned in Quran, and all of that was done by God's care and will, so the miracle is obvious for Moses either a muslim looked at it in his Quran or a jew looked at it in his Torah, but the atheists look into the Torah and say that Moses had no proof for it (to be as a miracle for him), and it is not a miracle, and no one either a muslim or a book-owner [book-owner is a general expression that denotes jews and christians for they have holy heavenly-revealed books] should look at it as a miracle for Moses. The answer to these false imaginations is obvious from what we pointed out before for the miracle is done by any suggested way because the wind was not believed to do such a great effect before Moses or after him, and if it had such an effect then they can bring that matter as a clue for their false claims. We've pointed out before also that the muslim interpreters for the holy quran agreed that the road that the Israelites passed through the sea from was splitted into twelve dry roads, as much as the tribes of the Israelites. It is mentioned in the chapter of Al-A`râf: Therefore We took retribution from them; therefore We drowned them in the sea: because they denied Our revelations and were heedless of them. And We caused the folk who were despised to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We had blessed. And the fair word of thy Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their endurance; and We annihilated (all) that Pharaoh and his folk had done and that they had contrived(Al-A`râf:136-137). This meaning is found in many chapters like: Younus, Al-Isrâ', TaHa, Al-Shu`arâ', Al-Qasas, Al-Zokhrof, Al-Dukhân, Al-Ðâriyât, and all had what is related to this matter, so read them and you will get the knowledgement.
What is known for us that if what was in Torah differs from that what is in Quran then Quran is to be taken and depended on for it was revealed with truth and confirming which was before it. In Torah it is mentioned what is in brief that the Israelites announced the happiness and their voices got high with sanctifications for God when they passed the sea and were saved from the pharaoh, and their women took the tambours and played and danced for their saving and the death of their enemy, and this is not something to be denied, and no doubt that their happiness was great for being saved in such weird way and for the destruction of the pharaoh with his soldiers in the sea and being sermons for others for all times. That was what the enemy of God faced because of his pride and in the after-life he would be taken to hell and the painful torture, and God said in the chapter of Hud: And verily We sent Moses with Our revelations and a clear warrant Unto Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they did follow the command of Pharaoh, and the command of Pharaoh was no right guide. He will go before his people on the Day of Resurrection and will lead them to the Fire for watering-place. Ah, hapless is the watering-place (whither they are) led. A curse is made to follow them in the world and on the Day of Resurrection. Hapless is the gift (that will be) given (them)(Hud:96-99). In the chapters of Al-Qasas, Ghâfir and Al-Dukhân there are phrases details of debates beetween the people of the hell and explaining the types of torture and humiliation that they will face and so on of things that make the heart of a believer shake, and the hypocrites would mock at.
It is told in some narrations that the death of the pharaoh was on Wednesday as it is mentioned that a man from the lands of Shem asked the prince of believers (PUH) about Wednesdays and about being afraid of such day, he (PUH) answered: on the last Wednesday of the month the pharaoh was destroyed, and on Wednesday the pharaoh asked for Moses to kill him, and on Wednesday the pharaoh ordered to slay the scholars [maybe the author means here the wizards that believed in Moses] and on Wednesday the punishment was revealed on the pharaoh and his people, and it is mentioned before that the name of the pharaoh was Al-Waleed ben Mus`ab and he was called Abâ-Mus`ab (Father of Mus`ab), and he lived for four hundred years and was one of the giants, and Al-Sâdiq (PUH) was asked about the interpretation of God's saying: And with Pharaoh, firm of might(Al-Fajr:10) [notice that the translation of Pickthall is not exactly word by word, the Arabic meaning of the phrase would more like: And the pharaoh of the wedges], so he (PUH) said: this is because when the pharaoh wanted to torture a man he would make him lay on the flood over his face and then would order to extend his arms and legs and nail them with wedges into the floor and leave him like that until he dies.

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