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Sermons to be Taken From The Story of Abraham and Others Mentioned With Him
The most apparent of all is from throwing Abraham in the fire and breaking the idols, Nimrod threw him into the fire to let him back from his religion, but since his faith was strong against all odds and never shaken, he did not care about anything, nor about any torture that meant to let him disbelieve, and for such a deed (breaking the idols) from the friend of God, their corners were shaken and the beards of their youngs had been white, and by this deed the Throne of the Exalted became filled with happiness and mountains been amazed and proud and close angels did bend in a sign of respect, and the whole universe smiled to him, for he is alone in the face of a tyrant that does not believe in the judgement day and all the creatures are afraid of him, so one could do such a thing except someone that is in deep faith into God and does not see any goal in this life except to obey his Lord even in the hardest moments, and He is the One that will bring victory to him, and for this He made the fire to be coolness and peace thus he was not touched by it, and when he was thrown into the fire Gabriel (PUH) met him in the air while he was falling and said to him: need anything? So he answered: to you no, but to my Lord yes, so he was saved from their evil and fire by his own faith in his Lord.
He broke their idols and made them into pieces except the biggest of them for a sermon and we've explained it and so the king was not brave enough to kill him, and Abraham was alone without anyone to bring him victory, but only God saved him and ordered him to travel out of their lands, and if anyone meditated in this he would find this amazing thing is only because he (Abraham) believed in his Lord, and by his faith he despised the fire, meditate in these honorable situations which have the sermons for the nations and generations for the coming days and times.
Abraham was guided by intuition to the faith, and born with faith being side by side to him, as been told by our prophet (PUH): every child is born with intuition but his parents may make him a christian or a jew. So the faith of Abraham had never been corrupted, and he grew up seeking and getting inspired for the clues of unification by the traces of the One, so he guided himself to the Creator by His creation, and to the Eternal
by what is mortal. Then he looked to this human that was created out of nothing while he worships something he made by his own hands, then he (Abraham) gradually tried to make them conclude the truth and stop worshipping the idols, then he looked at the planets and they were with him and said: they worth worshipping more than woods and other stuff that are made by our own hands, and  when planets disappeared and he knew that they were created as well he said:  Lo! I have turned my face toward Him Who created the heavens and the earth, as one by nature upright, and I am not of the idolaters(Al-An`âm:79).
So Abraham (PUH) did not deny their gods from the first glance, but he made them gradually admit that these are not gods since they don't have feelings or senses, then he tested their gods one after the other by many ways that would be enough for them to stop worshipping them, and he showed how their gods were unable to do a thing and how they do not deserve to be gods.
Yes, and Abraham (PUH) was patient  with a great patience, and not in a hurry to call all the creatures to know the Creator, and this is obvious in his answer to his father Azar when he said to him: 
If thou cease not, I shall surely stone thee. Depart from me a long while!(Mariam:46), so Abraham answered: Peace be unto thee! I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for thee. Lo! He was ever gracious unto me(Mariam:47), and in other holy phrase: And forgive my father. Lo! he is of those who err(Al-Shuàrâ':86) and so on. It is true what some historians said about this matter, when they said: it is true that when a truthful belief gets deep into the soul and the heart then it will occupy the mind of the man and own his heart. The revolution of Abraham (PUH) against the idols and its worshipping was not only talkative revolution but also a practical one, and so he made their idols into pieces except the biggest one and made this deed as a way to argue with them until he made them into silence, so they came to treat him hard and threw him into the fire, but she was coolness and peaceful upon him. Then he thanked God for saving him and never kept a single way that he did not take to call for the righteous path and he was indeed as been told by God: That is Our argument. We gave it unto Abraham against his folk(Al-An`âm:83), and he was arguing with the tyrant, Nimrod, with carelessness toward his power until he made him shame of hisself and prove him wrong, so God said: Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom; how, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk(Al-Baqarah:258).
Then presenting his only son Ishmael to be slain as God ordered him in his dream is the ultimate clue for his faith in God, and he prepared everything
to give his only son as a gift until God ransomed him with a great victim. He (Abraham) was also a man of diginity and purity, and he never asked someone else except God and never refused anyone came to him for a purpose, and he was a man of hospitality and was the first to command for hospitality, and used to prostrate a lot on the ground for God only, and used to pray a lot for Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad (PUH), and in some speeches that God did not consider Abraham as a friend except for feeding people and praying at night while people are sleeping, and he was a man of jealousy as well and whenever he goes out he locks the door behind him and took his keys, and for many good virtues and deeds that Abraham had, he was given the title of friend of God.
As reported from Al-Sâdiq (PUH) that he said: Abraham once had a hard time so he went to his people but they were in a condition of a drought so he went back as he came, and when he was close to his home he came down from his ass and filled his bag of sands just to calm down his wife Sarah, so when he went inside he took off the bag down from his ass then Sarah came and opened it and found it was full of flour and so she made some bread and then she said to Abraham (PUH): finish your pray and come eat, so he said to her: from where  did you get this? She answered: from the flour in that bag, so then Abraham lifted his head towards the sky and said: I testify that you are the Friend. It is more probable that God had Abraham as a slave before He makes him a prophet, and made him a prophet before He make him a messenger, and made him a messenger before He makes him a friend and had him as a friend before He makes hima leader, so when God gathered all these characterestics for him He told him: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind, so then said Abraham: And of my offspring? He answered: My covenant includeth not wrong-doers. This story had been mentioned before and been explained for its purposes, and for the high place of Abraham in faith, and for his love to know things deeply, he asked God to show him how He ressurects the dead to make his heart more faithful by looking at what humans do not believe in except by looking at. Quran had described his request, so God said: And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe ? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste, and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise(Al-Baqarah:260). What is apparent from the holy phrase is what we mentioned before about the love of knowing things deeply, and so the answer came to him to distribute the parts of four birds on certain hills and not every hill on earth, and the interpretation of such phrase can be only attributed to the prophet and his Household (PUT).
They (the Household) (PUH) said what is in general meant that God ordered Abraham to slay four kinds of birds: a peacock, an eagle, a cock and a duck. The peacock is meant to be the ornaments of this life, and the eagle is meant to be the long hope, and the duck is meant to be caution, and the cock is meant to be the lust, so the total meaning that God desired and He knows better, that if you want to be with Me then cut out these four things, and if any of these were in one's heart then he is never with Me. This interpretation had been told in different ways but the general meaning is the same, for the knowledge of things in deep is something that only God can do and He is far from the human thought about Himself.
Maybe it is thought that God could make him able to understand such matter, the answer would be yes, but maybe the thing that prevents that is the inability of creature and not God, as it is in the case of letting a camel into the needle's eye, so the fact of resurrection is one of the facts that can not be sensed by the human beings' senses, but only some of its reason can be sensed like killing, burning, medicine, food..etc, and for this matter there is an investigation by itself. Abraham slain the birdsand distributed their parts over the hills then he called them back and they came together again and combined as they were before slaying them by the commandments of God, for He is who resurrect bones after beingrotted away. Some scholars said: Abraham wanted to know this by eyes after he knew it by heart. Another reason was mentioned for this request is that was after the argument of Nimrod with him about resurrection when Nimrod said: I give life and death, and so then he released a prisoner and killed another, then Abraham said: this is not giving life (resurrection), so then Nimrod warned him and threatened him if God did not resurrect for him the dead, so then he requested from God to resurrect them and God told him what to do to let Nimrod know that and for this he said "
in order that my heart may be at ease."
For the patience of Ishmael ben Abraham (PUT) troubles come so small, and he was so patient and no one was like him in his patience, he was driven away from his family and homeland when he was a child, and no one was with him except his pureified mother Hagar, and he opened his eyes and did not find anyone to keep him a company from his relatives except his mother Hagar, and found himself alone in a land without plants or buildings or animals
except of the beasts and insects for a while, until God drove by His mercy some of His creation that were different from them and they were the tribe of Jorhom and the Giants, and so Hagar said when Abraham brought her and wanted to leave at once: you left us in a land that has no water or plants or a living thing, God ordered you so? So he said: yes, so she said: if God ordered you so then we not lost and He shall take care of us.
Ishmael the only that was born for his mother and father and the stranger from his family and homeland been told then by his father in a surprise: I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice thee. So look, what thinkest thou ? He said: O my father! Do that which thou art commanded. Allah willing, thou shalt find me of the steadfast, and that was when he was not yet a man, but he answered without complaining, and what a patience could a child have except for him, and kids have long hopes in this life, but Ishmael presented himself to be slain with a complete acceptance, and so no one like him from the generation that is like him or from the people before, and such a deed issued by him (PUH) is something holy and great, so then Ishmael is the sincere servant of God the one  that made his life for God, and we can not imagine a soul purer than his nor someone closer to God more than him and no creature did good to his parents more than Ishmael did, the one that gave himself for sacrifice, when his fatherlaid himon his side witha knife in his hand over his neck, then Gabriel flipped it by a commandment of God and ransomed him with a great victim, and this story has its pains in the heart of the believers, and its main character deserves every word of beauty, because being patient for troubles is not something that everyone can do,  [then comes a line that seems to have printing mistakes].
Isaac and Lot, both of them were in stand and ready to serve God without complaining, with patience and thanks to God and such characteristics now are rare in people, and the stories of Lot points out how much generous he was with hospitality to both neighbours and guests, and he struggled against the disbelievers to keep their harm away, for they used to attack the guests and defame him and take his money away, and Lot used to protect them (guests) and wanr them against the treatment of his people and he faced many harms from them (his people) and none were there to protect him among them, and the most harmful person to him was his wife for she was an eye for her people over her husband, and she was a disbeliever and did notbelieve in God and for this god destroyed her with them, so Lot was a man of great faith and how come not that to be and he is a generous prophet,  and he travelled with his uncle Abraham from the land of Iraq to the lands of Shem leaving his homeland and his family and his tribe for the sake of his religion and got far away from his people. God said:
And Lot believed him, and said: Lo! I am a fugitive unto my Lord(Al-`Ankabut:26) and this is the last thing we would like to mention about the stories of Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Lot, and peace may be upon our prophet and his Household (PUT) and thanks be to God alone.

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