Sacred Texts  Egypt 


The Papyrus of Ani




Introduction  Translation
Because of the substantial amount of hieroglypics interspersed in the original text, I have omitted the ### 'glyph' placeholder where context permits, for readability. Only actual illustations have been inserted into the file. Due to space considerations the interlinear translation, which is primarily of interest to students of Ancient Egyptian, will not be posted. This should not be a hardship, since the Dover reprint edition is still in print and widely available.

The file above, which appears at on the Internet at Sacred-Texts for the first time is a faithful e-text of the 1895 edition of the E.A. Wallace Budge translation of the Egyptian Book of the Dead.

In November of 2000 I inventoried my library and found that I was missing Budge's Book of the Dead. So when a copy of the Dover reprint came up at the local used bookstore, I purchased it. To my dismay, the version of the text widely posted on the Internet did not seem to match the Dover reprint of the 1895 version.

According to John Mark Ockerbloom, the proprietor of the excellent Online Books Page, the version circulating on the Internet is a highly edited version of Budge from a much later date (1913). He writes:

"I did a little legwork, and it appears that the "mystery text" is in fact from the Medici Society edition of 1913. According to a 1960 reprint by University Books, for this edition "The translation was rewritten... [and the] greater part of the Introduction was also rewritten by Sir Wallis, who concluded a preface to it with the pleased words, 'and the entire work thus becomes truly a "New Edition"'". It's unclear whether Budge himself did the rewrite of the translation, but it's clear that he at least claims responsibility for it,. and it does appear to draw fairly heavily on his earlier translation."

Thanks to Mr. Ockerbloom for clearing up this mystery.

In any case, the version now at sacred-texts is a completely new e-text, which I believe to be a much better version of this text.

Title Page


The Versions Of The Book Of The Dead.
The Legend Of Osiris.
The Doctrine Of Eternal Life.
The Egyptians' Ideas Of God.
The Legend Of Ra And Isis.
The Abode Of The Blessed.
The Gods Of The Book Of The Dead.
The Principal Geographical And Mythological Places In The Book Of The Dead.
Funeral Ceremonies.
The Papyrus Of Ani.


Plate I.
Plate II.
Plate III.
Plate IV.
Plates V. and VI.
Plates VII.-X.
Plates XI. and XII.
Plate XIII.
Plate XIV.
Plate XV.
Plate XVI.
Plate XVII.
Plate XVIII.
Plate XIX.
Plate XX.
Plate XXI.
Plate XXII.
Plate XXIII. and Plate XXIV.
Plate XXV.
Plate XXVI.
Plate XXVII.
Plates XXIX. and XXX.
Plates XXXI. and XXXII.
Plate XXXII.
Plates XXXIII and XXXIV.
Plates XXXV. and XXXVI.