His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso, 
		   The Fourtheenth Dalai Lama

	     First published in 1984: 12,000 copies
	     Second printing July 1985: 10,000 copies
	     Third printing August 1987: 10,000 copies
	     Fourth printing March 1988: 10:000 copies
	     Fifth printing April 1989: 7,500 copies

			 ISBN 0 86171 027 4

			 Wisdom Publications
		361 Newbury Street, Boston, MA 02115

	Copyright 1984 Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama

		       DharmaNet Edition     1994

	 This electronic edition is offered for free distribution
	     via DharmaNet by arrangement with the publisher.
	       Transcribed for DharmaNet by Mark Blackstad
			  DharmaNet International
		   P.O. Box 4951, Berkeley CA 94704-4951

When we rise in the morning and listen to the radio or read the 
newspaper, we are confronted with the same sad news: violence, 
crime, wars, and disasters. I cannot recall a single day without 
a report of something terrible happening somewhere. Even in 
these modern times it is clear that one's precious life is not 
safe. No former generation has had to experience so much bad 
news as we face today; this constant awareness of fear and 
tension should make any sensitive and compassionate person 
question seriously the progress of our modern world.
   It is ironic that the more serious problems emanate from the 
more industrially advanced societies. Science and technology 
have worked wonders in many fields, but the basic human 
problems remain. There is unprecedented literacy, yet this 
universal education does not seem to have fostered goodness, 
but only mental restlessness and discontent instead. There is 
no doubt about the increase in our material progress and 
technology, but somehow this is not sufficient as we have not 
yet succeeded in bringing about peace and happiness or in 
overcoming suffering.
   We can only conclude that there must be something seriously 
wrong with our progress and development, and if we do not check 
it in time there could be disastrous consequences for the 
future of humanity. I am not at all against science and 
technology -- they have contributed immensely to the overall 
experience of humankind; to our material comfort and well-being 
and to our greater understanding of the world we live in. But 
if we give too much emphasis to science and technology we are 
in danger of losing touch with those aspects of human knowledge 
and understanding that aspire towards honesty and altruism.
   Science and technology, though capable of creating 
immeasurable material comfort, cannot replace the age-old 
spiritual and humanitarian values that have largely shaped 
world civilization, in all its national forms, as we know it 
today. No one can deny the unprecedented material benefit of 
science and technology, but our basic human problems remain; we 
are still faced with the same, if not more, suffering, fear, 
and tension. Thus it is only logical to try to strike a balance 
between material development on the one hand and the 
development of spiritual, human values on the other. In order 
to bring about this great adjustment, we need to revive our 
humanitarian values.
   I am sure that many people share my concern about the 
present worldwide moral crisis and will join in my appeal to 
all humanitarians and religious practitioners who also share 
this concern to help make our societies more compassionate, 
just, and equitable. I do not speak as a Buddhist or even as a 
Tibetan. Nor do I speak as an expert on international politics 
(though I unavoidably comment on these matters). Rather, I 
speak simply as a human being, as an upholder of the 
humanitarian values that are the bedrock not only of Mahayana 
Buddhism but of all the great world religions. From this 
perspective I share with you my personal outlook-that

	1 universal humanitarianism is essential to solve global 
	2 compassion is the pillar of world peace;
	3 all world religions are already for world peace in this way, 
		as are all humanitarians of whatever ideology;
	4 each individual has a universal responsibility to shape 
		institutions to serve human needs.

Solving Human Problems through Transforming Human Attitudes
Of the many problems we face today, some are natural calamities 
and must be accepted and faced with equanimity. Others, 
however, are of our own making, created by misunderstanding, 
and can be corrected. One such type arises from the conflict of 
ideologies, political or religious, when people fight each 
other for petty ends, losing sight of the basic humanity that 
binds us all together as a single human family. We must 
remember that the different religions, ideologies, and 
political systems of the world are meant for human beings to 
achieve happiness. We must not lose sight of this fundamental 
goal and at no time should we place means above ends; the 
supremacy of humanity over matter and ideology must always be 

   By far the greatest single danger facing humankind -- in 
fact, all living beings on our planet -- is the threat of 
nuclear destruction. I need not elaborate on this danger, but I 
would like to appeal to all the leaders of the nuclear powers 
who literally hold the future of the world in their hands, to 
the scientists and technicians who continue to create these 
awesome weapons of destruction, and to all the people at large 
who are in a position to influence their leaders: I appeal to 
them to exercise their sanity and begin to work at dismantling 
and destroying all nuclear weapons. We know that in the event 
of a nuclear war there will be no victors because there will be 
no survivors! Is it not frightening just to contemplate such 
inhuman and heartless destruction? And, is it not logical that 
we should remove the cause for our own destruction when we know 
the cause and have both the time and the means to do so? Often 
we cannot overcome our problems because we either do not know 
the cause or, if we understand it, do not have the means to 
remove it. This is not the case with the nuclear threat.

Whether they belong to more evolved species like humans or to 
simpler ones such as animals, all beings primarily seek peace, 
comfort, and security. Life is as dear to the mute animal as it 
is to any human being; even the simplest insect strives for 
protection from dangers that threaten its life. Just as each 
one of us wants to live and does not wish to die, so it is with 
all other creatures in the universe, though their power to 
effect this is a different matter.    

  Broadly speaking there are two types of happiness and suffering, 
mental and physical, and of the two, I believe that mental 
suffering and happiness are the more acute. Hence, I stress the
training of the mind to endure suffering and attain a more lasting 
state of happiness. However, I also have a more general and concrete 
idea of happiness: a combination of inner peace, economic 
development, and, above all, world peace. To achieve such goals I 
feel it is necessary to develop a sense of universal responsibility, 
a deep concern for all irrespective of creed, colour, sex, or 

  The premise behind this idea of universal responsibility is 
the simple fact that, in general terms, all others' desires 
are the same as mine. Every being wants happiness and does not 
want suffering. If we, as intelligent human beings, do not accept 
this fact, there will be more and more suffering on this planet. 
If we adopt a self-centered approach to life and constantly try 
to use others for our own self-interest, we may gain temporary 
benefits, but in the long run we will not succeed in achieving 
even personal happiness,  and world peace will be completely out 
of the question.    

  In their quest for happiness, humans have used different methods, 
which all too often have been cruel and repellent. Behaving in 
ways utterly unbecoming to their status as humans, they inflict 
suffering upon fellow humans and the other living beings for 
their own selfish gains. In the end, such short-sighted actions 
bring suffering to oneself as well as to others. To be born a 
human being is a rare event in itself, and it is wise to use 
this opportunity as effectively and skillfully as possible. We 
must have the proper perspective, that of the universal life 
process, so that the happiness or glory of one person or group 
is not sought at the expense of others.    

  All this calls for a new approach to global problems. The world 
is becoming smaller and smaller -- and more and more 
interdependent -- as a result of rapid technological advances and 
international trade as well as increasing trans-national relations. 
We now depend very much on each other. In ancient times problems 
were mostly family-size, and they were naturally tackled at the 
family level, but the situation has changed. Today we are so 
interdependent, so closely interconnected with each other, that 
without a sense of universal responsibility, a feeling of universal 
brotherhood and sisterhood, and an understanding and belief that we
really are part of one big human family, we cannot hope to overcome 
the dangers to our very existence -- let alone bring about peace 
and happiness.

   One nation's problems can no longer be satisfactorily solved 
by itself alone; too much depends on the interest, attitude, and 
cooperation of other nations. A universal humanitarian approach 
to world problems seems the only sound basis for world peace. 
What does this mean: We begin from the recognition mentioned 
previously that all beings cherish happiness and do not want 
suffering. It then becomes both morally wrong and pragmatically 
unwise to pursue only one's own happiness oblivious to the feelings 
and aspirations of all others who surround us as members of the 
same human family. The wiser course is to think of others also when 
pursuing our own happiness. This will lead to what I call 'wise 
self-interest,' which hopefully will transform itself into 
'compromised self-interest,' or better still, 'mutual interest.'

  Although the increasing interdependence among nations might 
be expected to generate more sympathetic cooperation, it is 
difficult to achieve a spirit of genuine cooperation as long as 
people remain indifferent to the feelings and happiness of 
others. When people are motivated mostly by greed and jealousy, 
it is not possible for them to live in harmony. A spiritual 
approach may not solve all the political problems that have 
been caused by the existing self-centered approach, but in the 
long run it will overcome the very basis of the problems that 
we face today.

   On the other hand, if humankind continues to approach its 
problems considering only temporary expediency, future 
generations will have to face tremendous difficulties. the 
global population is increasing, and our resources are being 
rapidly depleted. Look at the trees, for example. No one knows 
exactly what adverse effects massive deforestation will have on 
the climate, the soil, and global ecology as a whole. We are 
facing problems because people are concentrating only on their 
short-term, selfish interests, not thinking of the entire 
human family. They are not thinking of the earth and the 
long-term effects on universal life as a whole. If we of the 
present generation do not think about these now, future 
generations may not be able to cope with them.

Compassion as the Pillar of World Peace
According to Buddhist psychology, most of our troubles are due 
to our passionate desire for and attachment to things that we 
misapprehend as enduring entities. The pursuit of the objects 
of our desire and attachment involves the use of aggression and 
competitiveness as supposedly efficacious instruments. These 
mental processes easily translate into actions, breeding 
belligerence as an obvious effect. Such processes have been 
going on in the human mind since time immemorial, but their 
execution has become more effective under modern conditions. 
What can we do to control and regulate these 'poisons' -- delusion,
greed, and aggression? For it is these poisons that are behind 
almost every trouble in the world.

   As one brought up in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, I feel 
that love and compassion are the moral fabric of world peace. 
Let me first define what I mean by compassion. When you have 
pity or compassion for a very poor person, you are showing 
sympathy because he or she is poor; your compassion is based on 
altruistic considerations. On the other hand, love towards your 
wife, your husband, your children, or a close friend is usually 
based on attachment. When your attachment changes, your 
kindness also changes; it may disappear. This is not true love. 
Real love is not based on attachment, but on altruism. In this 
case your compassion will remain as a humane response to 
suffering as long as beings continue to suffer.
   This type of compassion is what we must strive to cultivate 
in ourselves, and we must develop it from a limited amount to 
the limitless. Undiscriminating, spontaneous, and unlimited 
compassion for all sentient beings is obviously not the usual 
love that one has for friends or family, which is alloyed with 
ignorance, desire, and attachment. The kind of love we should 
advocate is this wider love that you can have even for someone 
who has done harm to you: your enemy.
   The rationale for compassion is that every one of us wants 
to avoid suffering and gain happiness. This, in turn, is based 
on the valid feeling of 'I,' which determines the universal 
desire for happiness. Indeed, all beings are born with similar 
desires and should have an equal right to fulfill them. If I 
compare myself with others, who are countless, I feel that 
others are more important because I am just one person whereas 
others are many. Further, the Tibetan Buddhist tradition 
teaches us to view all sentient beings as our dear mothers and 
to show our gratitude by loving them all. For, according to 
Buddhist theory, we are born and reborn countless numbers of 
times, and it is conceivable that each being has been our 
parent at one time or another. In this way all beings in the 
universe share a family relationship.
   Whether one believes in religion or not, there is no one who 
does not appreciate love and compassion. Right from the moment 
of our birth, we are under the care and kindness of our 
parents; later in life, when facing the sufferings of disease 
and old age, we are again dependent on the kindness of others. 
If at the beginning and end of our lives we depend upon others' 
kindness, why then in the middle should be not act kindly 
towards others?
   The development of a kind heart (a feeling of closeness for 
all human beings) does not involve the religiosity we normally 
associate with conventional religious practice. It is not only 
for people who believe in religion, but is for everyone 
regardless of race, religion, or political affiliation. It is 
for anyone who considers himself or herself, above all, a 
member of the human family and who sees things from this larger 
and longer perspective. This is a powerful feeling that we 
should develop and apply; instead, we often neglect it, 
particularly in our prime years when we experience a false 
sense of security.
   When we take into account a longer perspective, the fact 
that all wish to gain happiness and avoid suffering, and keep 
in mind our relative unimportance in relation to countless 
others, we can conclude that it is worthwhile to share our 
possessions with others. When you train in this sort of 
outlook, a true sense of compassion -- a true sense of love and 
respect for others -- becomes possible. Individual happiness 
ceases to be a conscious self-seeking effort; it becomes an 
automatic and far superior by-product of the whole process of 
loving and serving others.
   Another result of spiritual development, most useful in 
day-to-day life, is that it gives a calmness and presence of 
mind. Our lives are in constant flux, bringing many 
difficulties. When faced with a calm and clear mind, problems 
can be successfully resolved. When, instead, we lose control 
over our minds through hatred, selfishness, jealousy, and 
anger, we lose our sense of judgment. Our minds are blinded 
and at those wild moments anything can happen, including war. 
Thus, the practice of compassion and wisdom is useful to all, 
especially to those responsible for running national affairs, 
in whose hands lie the power and opportunity to create the 
structure of world peace.

World Religions for World Peace
The principles discussed so far are in accordance with the 
ethical teachings of all world religions. I maintain that every 
major religion of the world -- Buddhism, Christianity, 
Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism, 
Taoism, Zoroastrianism -- has similar ideals of love, the same 
goal of benefiting humanity through spiritual practice, and the 
same effect of making their followers into better human beings. 
All religions teach moral precepts for perfecting the functions 
of mind, body, and speech. All religions agree upon the 
necessity to control the undisciplined mind that harbors 
selfishness and other roots of trouble, and each teaches a path 
leading to a spiritual state that is peaceful, disciplined, 
ethical, and wise. It is in this sense that I believe all 
religions have essentially the same message. Differences of 
dogma may be ascribed to differences of time and circumstance 
as well as cultural influences; indeed, there is no end to 
scholastic argument when we consider the purely metaphysical 
side of religion. However, it is much more beneficial to try to 
implement in daily life the shared precepts for goodness taught 
by all religions rather than to argue about minor differences 
in approach.
   There are many different religions to bring comfort and 
happiness to humanity in much the same way as there are 
particular treatments for different diseases. For, all 
religions endeavor in their own way to help living beings 
avoid misery and gain happiness. And, although we can find 
causes for preferring certain interpretations of religious 
truths, there is much greater cause for unity, stemming from 
the human heart. Each religion works in its own way to lessen 
human suffering and contribute to world civilization. 
Conversion is not the point. For instance, I do not think of 
converting others to Buddhism or merely furthering the Buddhist 
cause. Rather, I try to think of how I as a Buddhist 
humanitarian can contribute to human happiness.
   While pointing out the fundamental similarities between 
world religions, I do not advocate one particular religion at 
the expense of all others, nor do I seek a new 'world 
religion.' All the different religions of the world are needed 
to enrich human experience and world civilization. Our human 
minds, being of different caliber and disposition, need 
different approaches to peace and happiness. It is just like 
food. Certain people find Christianity more appealing, others 
prefer Buddhism because there is no creator in it and 
everything depends upon your own actions. We can make similar 
arguments for other religions as well. Thus, the point is 
clear: humanity needs all the world's religions to suit the 
ways of life, diverse spiritual needs, and inherited national 
traditions of individual human beings.
   It is from this perspective that I welcome efforts being 
made in various parts of the world for better understanding 
among religions. The need for this is particularly urgent now. 
If all religions make the betterment of humanity their main 
concern, then they can easily work together in harmony for 
world peace. Interfaith understanding will bring about the 
unity necessary for all religions to work together. However, 
although this is indeed an important step, we must remember 
that there are no quick or easy solutions. We cannot hide the 
doctrinal differences that exist among various faiths, nor can 
we hope to replace the existing religions by a new universal 
belief. Each religion has its own distinctive contributions to 
make, and each in its own way is suitable to a particular group 
of people as they understand life. The world needs them all.

There are two primary tasks facing religious practitioners who 
are concerned with world peace. First, we must promote better 
interfaith understanding so as to create a workable degree of 
unity among all religions. This may be achieved in part by 
respecting each other's beliefs and by emphasizing our common 
concern for human well-being. Second, we must bring about a 
viable consensus on basic spiritual values that touch every 
human heart and enhance general human happiness. This means we 
must emphasize the common denominator of all world religions -- 
humanitarian ideals. These two steps will enable us to act both 
individually and together to create the necessary spiritual 
conditions for world peace.
   We practitioners of different faiths can work together for 
world peace when we view different religions as essentially 
instruments to develop a good heart -- love and respect for 
others, a true sense of community. The most important thing is 
to look at the purpose of religion and not at the details of 
theology or metaphysics, which can lead to mere 
intellectualism. I believe that all the major religions of the 
world can contribute to world peace and work together for the 
benefit of humanity if we put aside subtle metaphysical 
differences, which are really the internal business of each 
   Despite the progressive secularization brought about by 
worldwide modernization and despite systematic attempts in some 
parts of the world to destroy spiritual values, the vast 
majority of humanity continues to believe in one religion or 
another. The undying faith in religion, evident even under 
irreligious political systems, clearly demonstrates the potency 
of religion as such. This spiritual energy and power can be 
purposefully used to bring about the spiritual conditions 
necessary for world peace. Religious leaders and humanitarians 
all over the world have a special role to play in this respect.
   Whether we will be able to achieve world peace or not, we 
have no choice but to work towards that goal. If our minds are 
dominated by anger, we will lose the best part of human 
intelligence -- wisdom, the ability to decide between right and 
wrong. Anger is one of the most serious problems facing the 
world today.

Individual Power to Shape Institutions
Anger plays no small role in current conflicts such as those in 
the Middle East, Southeast Asia, the North-South problem, and 
so forth. These conflicts arise from a failure to understand 
one another's humanness. The answer is not the development and 
use of greater military force, nor an arms race. Nor is it 
purely political or purely technological. Basically it is 
spiritual, in the sense that what is required is a sensitive 
understanding of our common human situation. Hatred and 
fighting cannot bring happiness to anyone, even to the winners 
of battles. Violence always produces misery and thus is 
essentially counter-productive. It is, therefore, time for 
world leaders to learn to transcend the differences of race, 
culture, and ideology and to regard one another through eyes 
that see the common human situation. To do so would benefit 
individuals, communities, nations, and the world at large.
   The greater part of present world tension seems to stem from 
the 'Eastern bloc' versus 'Western bloc' conflict that has been 
going on since World War II. These two blocs tend to describe 
and view each other in a totally unfavourable light. This 
continuing, unreasonable struggle is due to a lack of mutual 
affection and respect for each other as fellow human beings. 
Those of the Eastern bloc should reduce their hatred towards 
the Western bloc because the Western bloc is also made up of 
human beings -- men, women, and children. Similarly those of the 
Western bloc should reduce their hatred towards of the eastern 
bloc because the Eastern bloc is also human beings. In such a 
reduction of mutual hatred, the leaders of both blocs have a 
powerful role to play. But first and foremost, leaders must 
realize their own and others' humanness. Without this basic 
realization, very little effective reduction of organized 
hatred can be achieved.
   If, for example, the leader of the United States of America 
and the leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 
suddenly met each other in the middle of a desolate island, I 
am sure they would respond to each other spontaneously as 
fellow human beings. But a wall of mutual suspicion and 
misunderstanding separates them the moment they are identified 
as the 'President of the USA and the 'Secretary-General of the 
USSR'. More human contact in the form of informal extended 
meetings, without any agenda, would improve their mutual 
understanding; they would learn to relate to each other as 
human beings and could then try to tackle international 
problems based on this understanding. No two parties, 
especially those with a history of antagonism, can negotiate 
fruitfully in an atmosphere of mutual suspicion and hatred.
   I suggest that world leaders meet about once a year in a 
beautiful place without any business, just to get to know each 
other as human beings. Then, later, they could meet to discuss 
mutual and global problems. I am sure many others share my wish 
that world leaders meet at the conference table in such an 
atmosphere of mutual respect and understanding of each other's 

To improve person-to-person contact in the world at large, I 
would like to see greater encouragement of international 
tourism. Also, mass media, particularly in democratic
societies, can make a considerable contribution to world peace 
by giving greater coverage to human interest items that reflect 
the ultimate oneness of humanity. With the rise of a few big 
powers in the international arena, the humanitarian role of 
international organizations is being bypassed and neglected. I 
hope that this will be corrected and that all international 
organizations, especially the United Nations, will be more 
active and effective in ensuring maximum benefit to humanity 
and promoting international understanding. It will indeed be 
tragic if the few powerful members continue to misuse world 
bodies like the UN for their one-sided interests. The UN must 
become the instrument of world peace. This world body must be 
respected by all, for the UN is the only source of hope for 
small oppressed nations and hence for the planet as a whole.
   As all nations are economically dependent upon one another 
more than ever before, human understanding must go beyond 
national boundaries and embrace the international community at 
large. Indeed, unless we can create an atmosphere of genuine 
cooperation, gained not by threatened or actual use of force 
but by heartfelt understanding, world problems will only 
increase. If people in poorer countries are denied the 
happiness they desire and deserve, they will naturally be 
dissatisfied and pose problems for the rich. If unwanted 
social, political, and cultural forms continue to be imposed 
upon unwilling people, the attainment of world peace is 
doubtful. However, if we satisfy people at a heart-to-heart 
level, peace will surely come.
   Within each nation, the individual ought to be given the 
right to happiness, and among nations, there must be equal 
concern for the welfare of even the smallest nations. I am not 
suggesting that one system is better than another and all 
should adopt it. On the contrary, a variety of political 
systems and ideologies is desirable and accords with the 
variety of dispositions within the human community. This 
variety enhances the ceaseless human quest for happiness. Thus 
each community should be free to evolve its own political and 
socioeconomic system, based on the principle of 
   The achievement of justice, harmony, and peace depends on 
many factors. We should think about them in terms of human 
benefit in the long run rather than the short term. I realize 
the enormity of the task before us, but I see no other 
alternative than the one I am proposing -- which is based on our 
common humanity. Nations have no choice but to be concerned 
about the welfare of others, not so much because of their 
belief in humanity, but because it is in the mutual and 
long-term interest of all concerned. An appreciation of this 
new reality is indicated by the emergence of regional or 
continental economic organizations such as the European 
Economic Community, the Association of South East Asian 
Nations, and so forth. I hope more such trans-national 
organizations will be formed, particularly in regions where 
economic development and regional stability seem in short 

Under present conditions, there is definitely a growing need 
for human understanding and a sense of universal 
responsibility. In order to achieve such ideas, we must 
generate a good and kind heart, for without this, we can 
achieve neither universal happiness nor lasting world peace. We 
cannot create peace on paper. While advocating universal 
responsibility and universal brotherhood and sisterhood, the 
facts are that humanity is organized in separate entities in 
the form of national societies. Thus, in a realistic sense, I 
feel it is these societies that must act as the building-blocks 
for world peace.

   Attempts have been made in the past to create societies more 
just and equal. Institutions have been established with noble 
charters to combat anti-social forces. Unfortunately, such 
ideas have been cheated by selfishness. More than ever before, 
we witness today how ethics and noble principles are obscured 
by the shadow of self-interest, particularly in the political 
sphere. There is a school of thought that warns us to refrain 
from politics altogether, as politics has become synonymous 
with amorality. Politics devoid of ethics does not further 
human welfare, and life without morality reduces humans to the 
level of beasts. However, politics is not axiomatically 'dirty.' 
Rather, the instruments of our political culture have distorted 
the high ideals and noble concepts meant to further human 
welfare. Naturally, spiritual people express their concern 
about religious leaders 'messing' with politics, since they 
fear the contamination of religion by dirty politics.

   I question the popular assumption that religion and ethics 
have no place in politics and that religious persons should 
seclude themselves as hermits. Such a view of religion is too 
one-sided; it lacks a proper perspective on the individual's 
relation to society and the role of religion in our lives. 
Ethics is as crucial to a politician as it is to a religious 
practitioner. Dangerous consequences will follow when 
politicians and rulers forget moral principles. Whether we 
believe in God or karma, ethics is the foundation of every 

   Such human qualities as morality, compassion, decency, 
wisdom, and so forth have been the foundations of all 
civilizations. These qualities must be cultivated and sustained 
through systematic moral education in a conductive social 
environment so that a more humane world may emerge. The 
qualities required to create such a world must be inculcated 
right from the beginning, from childhood. We cannot wait for 
the next generation to make this change; the present generation 
must attempt a renewal of basic human values. If there is any 
hope, it is in the future generations, but not unless we 
institute major change on a worldwide scale in our present 
educational system. We need a revolution in our commitment to 
and practice of universal humanitarian values.

   It is not enough to make noisy calls to halt moral 
degeneration; we must do something about it. Since present-day 
governments do not shoulder such 'religious' responsibilities, 
humanitarian and religious leaders must strengthen the existing 
civic, social, cultural, educational, and religious 
organizations to revive human and spiritual values. Where 
necessary, we must create new organizations to achieve these 
goals. Only in so doing can we hope to create a more stable 
basis for world peace.

   Living in society, we should share the sufferings of our 
fellow citizens and practice compassion and tolerance not only 
towards our loved ones but also towards our enemies. This is 
the test of our moral strength. We must set an example by our 
own practice, for we cannot hope to convince others of the 
value of religion by mere words. We must live up to the same 
high standards of integrity and sacrifice that we ask of 
others. The ultimate purpose of all religions is to serve and 
benefit humanity. This is why it is so important that religion 
always be used to effect the happiness and peace of all beings 
and not merely to convert others.

   Still, in religion there are no national boundaries. A 
religion can and should be used by any people or person who 
finds it beneficial. What is important for each seeker is to 
choose a religion that is most suitable to himself or herself. 
But, the embracing of a particular religion does not mean the 
rejection of another religion or one's own community. In fact, 
it is important that those who embrace a religion should not 
cut themselves off from their own society; they should continue 
to live within their own community and in harmony with its 
members. By escaping from your own community, you cannot 
benefit others, whereas benefiting others is actually the basic 
aim of religion.

   In this regard there are two things important to keep in 
mind: self-examination and self-correction. We should 
constantly check our attitude toward others, examining 
ourselves carefully, and we should correct ourselves 
immediately when we find we are in the wrong.

Finally, a few words about material progress. I have heard a 
great deal of complaint against material progress from 
Westerners, and yet, paradoxically, it has been the very pride 
of the Western world. I see nothing wrong with material 
progress per se, provided people are always given precedence. 
It is my firm belief that in order to solve human problems in 
all their dimensions, we must combine and harmonize economic 
development with spiritual growth. However, we must know its 
limitations. Although materialistic knowledge in the form of 
science and technology has contributed enormously to human 
welfare, it is not capable of creating lasting happiness. In 
America, for example, where technological development is 
perhaps more advanced than in any other country, there is still 
a great deal of mental suffering. This is because 
materialistic knowledge can only provide a type of happiness 
that is dependent upon physical conditions. It cannot provide 
happiness that springs from inner development independent of 
external factors.
   For renewal of human values and attainment of lasting 
happiness, we need to look to the common humanitarian heritage 
of all nations the world over. May this essay serve as an 
urgent reminder lest we forget the human values that unite us 
all as a single family on this planet.

	I have written the above lines
	To tell my constant feeling.
	Whenever I meet even a 'foreigner,'
	I have always the same feeling:
	'I am meeting another member of the human family.'
	This attitude has deepened
	My affection and respect for all beings.
	May this natural wish be
	My small contribution to world peace.
	I pray for a more friendly,
	More caring, and more understanding
	Human family on this planet.
	To all who dislike suffering,
	Who cherish lasting happiness--
	This is my heartfelt appeal.

   The publisher gratefully acknowledges the kind help of the 
   following for sponsoring the publication of this booklet:

		East-West Foundation, Fullerton, California
		Adam Engle, Boulder Creek, California
		Potala Publications, New York
		The Tibet Fund, New York
		Tibet House, New York

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TITLE OF WORK: A Human Approach to World Peace
AUTHOR: His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama
PUBLISHER'S ADDRESS:    Wisdom Publications
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