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Ecclesiastes 7


1  A good name8034 is better2896 than precious2896 ointment;4480 8081 and the day3117 of death4194 than the day4480 3117 of one's birth.3205

2  It is better2896 to go1980 to413 the house1004 of mourning,60 than to go4480 1980 to413 the house1004 of feasting:4960 for834 that1931 is the end5490 of all3605 men;120 and the living2416 will lay5414 it to413 his heart.3820

3  Sorrow3708 is better2896 than laughter:4480 7814 for3588 by the sadness7455 of the countenance6440 the heart3820 is made better.3190

4  The heart3820 of the wise2450 is in the house1004 of mourning;60 but the heart3820 of fools3684 is in the house1004 of mirth.8057

5  It is better2896 to hear8085 the rebuke1606 of the wise,2450 than for a man4480 376 to hear8085 the song7892 of fools.3684

6  For3588 as the crackling6963 of thorns5518 under8478 a pot,5518 so3651 is the laughter7814 of the fool:3684 this2088 also1571 is vanity.1892

7  Surely3588 oppression6233 maketh a wise man2450 mad;1984 and a gift4979 destroyeth6 853 the heart.3820

8  Better2896 is the end319 of a thing1697 than the beginning4480 7225 thereof: and the patient750 in spirit7307 is better2896 than the proud4480 1362 in spirit.7307

9  Be not408 hasty926 in thy spirit7307 to be angry:3707 for3588 anger3708 resteth5117 in the bosom2436 of fools.3684

10  Say559 not408 thou, What4100 is1961 the cause that the former days7945 3117 7223 were1961 better2896 than these?4480 428 for3588 thou dost not3808 inquire7592 wisely4480 2451 concerning5921 this.2088

11  Wisdom2451 is good2896 with5973 an inheritance:5159 and by it there is profit3148 to them that see7200 the sun.8121

12  For3588 wisdom2451 is a defense,6738 and money3701 is a defense:6738 but the excellency3504 of knowledge1847 is, that wisdom2451 giveth life2421 to them that have1167 it.

13  Consider7200 853 the work4639 of God:430 for3588 who4310 can3201 make that straight,8626 853 which834 he hath made crooked?5791

14  In the day3117 of prosperity2896 be1961 joyful,2896 but in the day3117 of adversity7451 consider:7200 God430 also1571 hath set6213 853 the one2088 over against5980 the other,2088 to5921 the end1700 that man120 should find4672 nothing7945 3808 3972 after310 him.

15  853 All3605 things have I seen7200 in the days3117 of my vanity:1892 there is3426 a just6662 man that perisheth6 in his righteousness,6664 and there is3426 a wicked7563 man that prolongeth748 his life in his wickedness.7451

16  Be1961 not408 righteous6662 over much;7235 neither408 make thyself over wise:2449 3148 why4100 shouldest thou destroy thyself?8074

17  Be not408 over much7235 wicked,7561 neither408 be1961 thou foolish:5530 why4100 shouldest thou die4191 before3808 thy time?6256

18  It is good2896 that834 thou shouldest take hold270 of this;2088 yea, also1571 from this4480 2088 withdraw5117 not408 853 thine hand:3027 for3588 he that feareth3373 God430 shall come forth3318 853 of them all.3605

19  Wisdom2451 strengtheneth5810 the wise2450 more than ten4480 6235 mighty7989 men which834 are1961 in the city.5892

20  For3588 there is not369 a just6662 man120 upon earth,776 that834 doeth6213 good,2896 and sinneth2398 not.3808

21  Also1571 take5414 no408 heed3820 unto all3605 words1697 that834 are spoken;1696 lest834 3808 thou hear8085 853 thy servant5650 curse7043 thee:

22  For3588 oftentimes7227 6471 also1571 thine own heart3820 knoweth3045 that834 thou thyself859 likewise1571 hast cursed7043 others.312

23  All3605 this2090 have I proved5254 by wisdom:2451 I said,559 I will be wise;2449 but it1931 was far7350 from4480 me.

24  That which is4100 7945 1961 far off,7350 and exceeding deep,6013 6013 who4310 can find it out?4672

25  I589 applied5437 mine heart3820 to know,3045 and to search,8446 and to seek out1245 wisdom,2451 and the reason2808 of things, and to know3045 the wickedness7562 of folly,3689 even of foolishness5531 and madness:1947

26  And I589 find4672 more bitter4751 than death4480 4194 853 the woman,802 whose834 1931 heart3820 is snares4685 and nets,2764 and her hands3027 as bands:612 whoso pleaseth2896 6440 God430 shall escape4422 from4480 her; but the sinner2398 shall be taken3920 by her.

27  Behold,7200 this2088 have I found,4672 saith559 the preacher,6953 counting one259 by one,259 to find out4672 the account:2808

28  Which834 yet5750 my soul5315 seeketh,1245 but I find4672 not:3808 one259 man120 among a thousand4480 505 have I found;4672 but a woman802 among all3605 those428 have I not3808 found.4672

29  Lo,7200 this2088 only905 have I found,4672 that834 God430 hath made6213 853 man120 upright;3477 but they1992 have sought out1245 many7227 inventions.2810


1 ἀγαθὸν ὄνομα ὑπὲρ ἔλαιον ἀγαθὸν καὶ ἡμέρα τοῦ θανάτου ὑπὲρ ἡμέραν γενέσεως αὐτοῦ

2 ἀγαθὸν πορευθῆναι εἰς οἶκον πένθους ἢ ὅτι πορευθῆναι εἰς οἶκον πότου καθότι τοῦτο τέλος παντὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου καὶ ὁ ζῶν δώσει εἰς καρδίαν αὐτοῦ

3 ἀγαθὸν θυμὸς ὑπὲρ γέλωτα ὅτι ἐν κακίᾳ προσώπου ἀγαθυνθήσεται καρδία

4 καρδία σοφῶν ἐν οἴκῳ πένθους καὶ καρδία ἀφρόνων ἐν οἴκῳ εὐφροσύνης

5 ἀγαθὸν τὸ ἀκοῦσαι ἐπιτίμησιν σοφοῦ ὑπὲρ ἄνδρα ἀκούοντα ᾆσμα ἀφρόνων

6 ὅτι ὡς φωνὴ τῶν ἀκανθῶν ὑπὸ τὸν λέβητα οὕτως γέλως τῶν ἀφρόνων καί γε τοῦτο ματαιότης

7 ὅτι ἡ συκοφαντία περιφέρει σοφὸν καὶ ἀπόλλυσι τὴν καρδίαν εὐτονίας αὐτοῦ

8 ἀγαθὴ ἐσχάτη λόγων ὑπὲρ ἀρχὴν αὐτοῦ ἀγαθὸν μακρόθυμος ὑπὲρ ὑψηλὸν πνεύματι

9 μὴ σπεύσῃς ἐν πνεύματί σου τοῦ θυμοῦσθαι ὅτι θυμὸς ἐν κόλπῳ ἀφρόνων ἀναπαύσεται

10 μὴ εἴπῃς τί ἐγένετο ὅτι αἱ ἡμέραι αἱ πρότεραι ἦσαν ἀγαθαὶ ὑπὲρ ταύτας ὅτι οὐκ ἐν σοφίᾳ ἐπηρώτησας περὶ τούτου

11 ἀγαθὴ σοφία μετὰ κληροδοσίας καὶ περισσεία τοῖς θεωροῦσιν τὸν ἥλιον

12 ὅτι ἐν σκιᾷ αὐτῆς ἡ σοφία ὡς σκιὰ τοῦ ἀργυρίου καὶ περισσεία γνώσεως τῆς σοφίας ζωοποιήσει τὸν παρ᾽ αὐτῆς

13 ἰδὲ τὰ ποιήματα τοῦ θεοῦ ὅτι τίς δυνήσεται τοῦ κοσμῆσαι ὃν ἂν ὁ θεὸς διαστρέψῃ αὐτόν

14 ἐν ἡμέρᾳ ἀγαθωσύνης ζῆθι ἐν ἀγαθῷ καὶ ἐν ἡμέρᾳ κακίας ἰδέ καί γε σὺν τοῦτο σύμφωνον τούτῳ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς περὶ λαλιᾶς ἵνα μὴ εὕρῃ ὁ ἄνθρωπος ὀπίσω αὐτοῦ μηδέν

15 σὺν τὰ πάντα εἶδον ἐν ἡμέραις ματαιότητός μου ἔστιν δίκαιος ἀπολλύμενος ἐν δικαίῳ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἔστιν ἀσεβὴς μένων ἐν κακίᾳ αὐτοῦ

16 μὴ γίνου δίκαιος πολὺ καὶ μὴ σοφίζου περισσά μήποτε ἐκπλαγῇς

17 μὴ ἀσεβήσῃς πολὺ καὶ μὴ γίνου σκληρός ἵνα μὴ ἀποθάνῃς ἐν οὐ καιρῷ σου

18 ἀγαθὸν τὸ ἀντέχεσθαί σε ἐν τούτῳ καί γε ἀπὸ τούτου μὴ ἀνῇς τὴν χεῖρά σου ὅτι φοβούμενος τὸν θεὸν ἐξελεύσεται τὰ πάντα

19 ἡ σοφία βοηθήσει τῷ σοφῷ ὑπὲρ δέκα ἐξουσιάζοντας τοὺς ὄντας ἐν τῇ πόλει

20 ὅτι ἄνθρωπος οὐκ ἔστιν δίκαιος ἐν τῇ γῇ ὃς ποιήσει ἀγαθὸν καὶ οὐχ ἁμαρτήσεται

21 καί γε εἰς πάντας τοὺς λόγους οὓς λαλήσουσιν μὴ θῇς καρδίαν σου ὅπως μὴ ἀκούσῃς τοῦ δούλου σου καταρωμένου σε

22 ὅτι πλειστάκις πονηρεύσεταί σε καὶ καθόδους πολλὰς κακώσει καρδίαν σου ὅπως καί γε σὺ κατηράσω ἑτέρους

23 πάντα ταῦτα ἐπείρασα ἐν τῇ σοφίᾳ εἶπα σοφισθήσομαι

24 καὶ αὐτὴ ἐμακρύνθη ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ μακρὰν ὑπὲρ ὃ ἦν καὶ βαθὺ βάθος τίς εὑρήσει αὐτό

25 ἐκύκλωσα ἐγώ καὶ ἡ καρδία μου τοῦ γνῶναι καὶ τοῦ κατασκέψασθαι καὶ ζητῆσαι σοφίαν καὶ ψῆφον καὶ τοῦ γνῶναι ἀσεβοῦς ἀφροσύνην καὶ σκληρίαν καὶ περιφοράν

26 καὶ εὑρίσκω ἐγὼ πικρότερον ὑπὲρ θάνατον σὺν τὴν γυναῖκα ἥτις ἐστὶν θηρεύματα καὶ σαγῆναι καρδία αὐτῆς δεσμοὶ χεῖρες αὐτῆς ἀγαθὸς πρὸ προσώπου τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξαιρεθήσεται ἀπ᾽ αὐτῆς καὶ ἁμαρτάνων συλλημφθήσεται ἐν αὐτῇ

27 ἰδὲ τοῦτο εὗρον εἶπεν ὁ Ἐκκλησιαστής μία τῇ μιᾷ τοῦ εὑρεῖν λογισμόν

28 ὃν ἔτι ἐζήτησεν ἡ ψυχή μου καὶ οὐχ εὗρον ἄνθρωπον ἕνα ἀπὸ χιλίων εὗρον καὶ γυναῖκα ἐν πᾶσι τούτοις οὐχ εὗρον

29 πλὴν ἰδὲ τοῦτο εὗρον ὃ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς σὺν τὸν ἄνθρωπον εὐθῆ καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐζήτησαν λογισμοὺς πολλούς


‎1 ‏ט֥וֹב שֵׁ֖ם מִשֶּׁ֣מֶן ט֑וֹב וְי֣וֹם הַמָּ֔וֶת מִיּ֖וֹם הִוָּלְדֽוֹ׃

‎2 ‏ט֞וֹב לָלֶ֣כֶת אֶל־בֵּֽית־אֵ֗בֶל מִלֶּ֙כֶת֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ית מִשְׁתֶּ֔ה בַּאֲשֶׁ֕ר ה֖וּא ס֣וֹף כָּל־הָאָדָ֑ם וְהַחַ֖י יִתֵּ֥ן אֶל־לִבּֽוֹ׃

‎3 ‏ט֥וֹב כַּ֖עַס מִשְּׂחֹ֑ק כִּֽי־בְרֹ֥עַ פָּנִ֖ים יִ֥יטַב לֵֽב׃

‎4 ‏לֵ֤ב חֲכָמִים֙ בְּבֵ֣ית אֵ֔בֶל וְלֵ֥ב כְּסִילִ֖ים בְּבֵ֥ית שִׂמְחָֽה׃

‎5 ‏ט֕וֹב לִשְׁמֹ֖עַ גַּעֲרַ֣ת חָכָ֑ם מֵאִ֕ישׁ שֹׁמֵ֖עַ שִׁ֥יר כְּסִילִֽים׃

‎6 ‏כִּ֣י כְק֤וֹל הַסִּירִים֙ תַּ֣חַת הַסִּ֔יר כֵּ֖ן שְׂחֹ֣ק הַכְּסִ֑יל וְגַם־זֶ֖ה הָֽבֶל׃

‎7 ‏כִּ֥י הָעֹ֖שֶׁק יְהוֹלֵ֣ל חָכָ֑ם וִֽיאַבֵּ֥ד אֶת־לֵ֖ב מַתָּנָֽה׃

‎8 ‏ט֛וֹב אַחֲרִ֥ית דָּבָ֖ר מֵֽרֵאשִׁית֑וֹ ט֥וֹב אֶֽרֶךְ־ר֖וּחַ מִגְּבַהּ־רֽוּחַ׃

‎9 ‏אַל־תְּבַהֵ֥ל בְּרֽוּחֲךָ֖ לִכְע֑וֹס כִּ֣י כַ֔עַס בְּחֵ֥יק כְּסִילִ֖ים יָנֽוּחַ׃

‎10 ‏אַל־תֹּאמַר֙ מֶ֣ה הָיָ֔ה שֶׁ֤הַיָּמִים֙ הָרִ֣אשֹׁנִ֔ים הָי֥וּ טוֹבִ֖ים מֵאֵ֑לֶּה כִּ֛י לֹ֥א מֵחָכְמָ֖ה שָׁאַ֥לְתָּ עַל־זֶֽה׃

‎11 ‏טוֹבָ֥ה חָכְמָ֖ה עִֽם־נַחֲלָ֑ה וְיֹתֵ֖ר לְרֹאֵ֥י הַשָּֽׁמֶשׁ׃

‎12 ‏כִּ֛י בְּצֵ֥ל הַֽחָכְמָ֖ה בְּצֵ֣ל הַכָּ֑סֶף וְיִתְר֣וֹן דַּ֔עַת הַֽחָכְמָ֖ה תְּחַיֶּ֥ה בְעָלֶֽיהָ׃

‎13 ‏רְאֵ֖ה אֶת־מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים כִּ֣י מִ֤י יוּכַל֙ לְתַקֵּ֔ן אֵ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר עִוְּתֽוֹ׃

‎14 ‏בְּי֤וֹם טוֹבָה֙ הֱיֵ֣ה בְט֔וֹב וּבְי֥וֹם רָעָ֖ה רְאֵ֑ה גַּ֣ם אֶת־זֶ֤ה לְעֻמַּת־זֶה֙ עָשָׂ֣ה הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים עַל־דִּבְרַ֗ת שֶׁלֹּ֨א יִמְצָ֧א הָֽאָדָ֛ם אַחֲרָ֖יו מְאֽוּמָה׃

‎15 ‏אֶת־הַכֹּ֥ל רָאִ֖יתִי בִּימֵ֣י הֶבְלִ֑י יֵ֤שׁ צַדִּיק֙ אֹבֵ֣ד בְּצִדְק֔וֹ וְיֵ֣שׁ רָשָׁ֔ע מַאֲרִ֖יךְ בְּרָעָתֽוֹ׃

‎16 ‏אַל־תְּהִ֤י צַדִּיק֙ הַרְבֵּ֔ה וְאַל־תִּתְחַכַּ֖ם יוֹתֵ֑ר לָ֖מָּה תִּשּׁוֹמֵֽם׃

‎17 ‏אַל־תִּרְשַׁ֥ע הַרְבֵּ֖ה וְאַל־תְּהִ֣י סָכָ֑ל לָ֥מָּה תָמ֖וּת בְּלֹ֥א עִתֶּֽךָ׃

‎18 ‏ט֚וֹב אֲשֶׁ֣ר תֶּאֱחֹ֣ז בָּזֶ֔ה וְגַם־מִזֶּ֖ה אַל־תַּנַּ֣ח אֶת־יָדֶ֑ךָ כִּֽי־יְרֵ֥א אֱלֹהִ֖ים יֵצֵ֥א אֶת־כֻּלָּֽם׃

‎19 ‏הַֽחָכְמָ֖ה תָּעֹ֣ז לֶחָכָ֑ם מֵֽעֲשָׂרָה֙ שַׁלִּיטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָי֖וּ בָּעִֽיר׃

‎20 ‏כִּ֣י אָדָ֔ם אֵ֥ין צַדִּ֖יק בָּאָ֑רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר יַעֲשֶׂה־טּ֖וֹב וְלֹ֥א יֶחֱטָֽא׃

‎21 ‏גַּ֤ם לְכָל־הַדְּבָרִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יְדַבֵּ֔רוּ אַל־תִּתֵּ֖ן לִבֶּ֑ךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־תִשְׁמַ֥ע אֶֽת־עַבְדְּךָ֖ מְקַלְלֶֽךָ׃

‎22 ‏כִּ֛י גַּם־פְּעָמִ֥ים רַבּ֖וֹת יָדַ֣ע לִבֶּ֑ךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר גַּם־את אַתָּ֖ה קִלַּ֥לְתָּ אֲחֵרִֽים׃

‎23 ‏כָּל־זֹ֖ה נִסִּ֣יתִי בַֽחָכְמָ֑ה אָמַ֣רְתִּי אֶחְכָּ֔מָה וְהִ֖יא רְחוֹקָ֥ה מִמֶּֽנִּי׃

‎24 ‏רָח֖וֹק מַה־שֶּׁהָיָ֑ה וְעָמֹ֥ק׀ עָמֹ֖ק מִ֥י יִמְצָאֶֽנּוּ׃

‎25 ‏סַבּ֨וֹתִֽי אֲנִ֤י וְלִבִּי֙ לָדַ֣עַת וְלָת֔וּר וּבַקֵּ֥שׁ חָכְמָ֖ה וְחֶשְׁבּ֑וֹן וְלָדַ֙עַת֙ רֶ֣שַׁע כֶּ֔סֶל וְהַסִּכְל֖וּת הוֹלֵלֽוֹת׃

‎26 ‏וּמוֹצֶ֨א אֲנִ֜י מַ֣ר מִמָּ֗וֶת אֶת־הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ אֲשֶׁר־הִ֨יא מְצוֹדִ֧ים וַחֲרָמִ֛ים לִבָּ֖הּ אֲסוּרִ֣ים יָדֶ֑יהָ ט֞וֹב לִפְנֵ֤י הָאֱלֹהִים֙ יִמָּלֵ֣ט מִמֶּ֔נָּה וְחוֹטֵ֖א יִלָּ֥כֶד בָּֽהּ׃

‎27 ‏רְאֵה֙ זֶ֣ה מָצָ֔אתִי אָמְרָ֖ה קֹהֶ֑לֶת אַחַ֥ת לְאַחַ֖ת לִמְצֹ֥א חֶשְׁבּֽוֹן׃

‎28 ‏אֲשֶׁ֛ר עוֹד־בִּקְשָׁ֥ה נַפְשִׁ֖י וְלֹ֣א מָצָ֑אתִי אָדָ֞ם אֶחָ֤ד מֵאֶ֙לֶף֙ מָצָ֔אתִי וְאִשָּׁ֥ה בְכָל־אֵ֖לֶּה לֹ֥א מָצָֽאתִי׃

‎29 ‏לְבַד֙ רְאֵה־זֶ֣ה מָצָ֔אתִי אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשָׂ֧ה הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־הָאָדָ֖ם יָשָׁ֑ר וְהֵ֥מָּה בִקְשׁ֖וּ חִשְּׁבֹנ֥וֹת רַבִּֽים׃


1 [Quid necesse est homini majora se quærere,
cum ignoret quid conducat sibi in vita sua,
numero dierum peregrinationis suæ,
et tempore quod velut umbra præterit?
aut quis ei poterit indicare
quod post eum futurum sub sole sit?

2 Melius est nomen bonum quam unguenta pretiosa,
et dies mortis die nativitatis.

3 Melius est ire ad domum luctus
quam ad domum convivii;
in illa enim finis cunctorum admonetur hominum,
et vivens cogitat quid futurum sit.

4 Melior est ira risu,
quia per tristitiam vultus corrigitur animus delinquentis.

5 Cor sapientium ubi tristitia est,
et cor stultorum ubi lætitia.

6 Melius est a sapiente corripi,
quam stultorum adulatione decipi;

7 quia sicut sonitus spinarum ardentium sub olla,
sic risus stulti.
Sed et hoc vanitas.

8 Calumnia conturbat sapientem,
et perdet robur cordis illius.

9 Melior est finis orationis quam principium.
Melior est patiens arrogante.

10 Ne sis velox ad irascendum,
quia ira in sinu stulti requiescit.

11 Ne dicas: Quid putas causæ est
quod priora tempora meliora fuere quam nunc sunt?
stulta enim est hujuscemodi interrogatio.

12 Utilior est sapientia cum divitiis,
et magis prodest videntibus solem.

13 Sicut enim protegit sapientia, sic protegit pecunia;
hoc autem plus habet eruditio et sapientia,
quod vitam tribuunt possessori suo.

14 Considera opera Dei,
quod nemo possit corrigere quem ille despexerit.

15 In die bona fruere bonis,
et malam diem præcave;
sicut enim hanc, sic et illam fecit Deus,
ut non inveniat homo contra eum justas querimonias.

16 Hæc quoque vidi in diebus vanitatis meæ:
justus perit in justitia sua,
et impius multo vivit tempore in malitia sua.

17 Noli esse justus multum,
neque plus sapias quam necesse est,
ne obstupescas.

18 Ne impie agas multum,
et noli esse stultus,
ne moriaris in tempore non tuo.

19 Bonum est te sustentare justum:
sed et ab illo ne subtrahas manum tuam;
quia qui timet Deum nihil negligit.

20 Sapientia confortavit sapientem
super decem principes civitatis;

21 non est enim homo justus in terra
qui faciat bonum et non peccet.

22 Sed et cunctis sermonibus qui dicuntur
ne accomodes cor tuum,
ne forte audias servum tuum maledicentem tibi;

23 scit enim conscientia tua
quia et tu crebro maledixisti aliis.

24 Cuncta tentavi in sapientia.
Dixi: Sapiens efficiar:
et ipsa longius recessit a me,

25 multo magis quam erat.
Et alta profunditas, quis inveniet eam?]

26 [Lustravi universa animo meo,
ut scirem et considerarem,
et quærerem sapientiam, et rationem,
et ut cognoscerem impietatem stulti,
et errorem imprudentium:

27 et inveni amariorem morte mulierem,
quæ laqueus venatorum est,
et sagena cor ejus;
vincula sunt manus illius.
Qui placet Deo effugiet illam;
qui autem peccator est capietur ab illa.

28 Ecce hoc inveni, dixit Ecclesiastes,
unum et alterum ut invenirem rationem,

29 quam adhuc quærit anima mea,
et non inveni.
Virum de mille unum reperi;
mulierem ex omnibus non inveni.

30 Solummodo hoc inveni,
quod fecerit Deus hominem rectum,
et ipse se infinitis miscuerit quæstionibus.
Quis talis ut sapiens est?
et quis cognovit solutionem verbi?]

Next: Ecclesiastes 8