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Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at

Psalms Chapter 18

Psalms 18:1

psa 18:1

Love - Most affectionately, and with my whole soul; as the Hebrew word signifies.

Psalms 18:2

psa 18:2

Rock - To which I flee for refuge, as the Israelites did to their rocks. Horn - It is a metaphor from those beasts whose strength lies in their horns.

Psalms 18:4

psa 18:4

Death - Dangerous and deadly troubles. Floods - Their multitude, and strength, and violent assaults, breaking in upon me like a flood.

Psalms 18:5

psa 18:5

Sorrows - Which brought me to the brink of the grave. Death - Had almost taken hold of me, before I was aware.

Psalms 18:6

psa 18:6

Temple - Out of his heavenly habitation.

Psalms 18:7

psa 18:7

Then - Then God appeared on my behalf in a glorious manner, to the terror and confusion of all mine enemies, which is here compared to an earthquake.

Psalms 18:8

psa 18:8

There went, &c. - All these seem to be figurative expressions, denoting the greatness of his anger.

Psalms 18:9

psa 18:9

Bowed - By producing thick and dark clouds, whereby the heavens seem to come down to the earth. Came - Not by change of place, but by the manifestation of his presence and power on my behalf.

Psalms 18:10

psa 18:10

Cherub - Or, upon the cherubim, upon the angels, who are also called God's chariots, Psa 68:17, upon which he is said to sit and ride. All which is not to be understood grossly, but only to denote God's using the ministry of angels, in raising such storms and tempests. Fly - As swiftly as the wind.

Psalms 18:11

psa 18:11

Darkness - He covered himself with dark clouds. Waters - Watery vapours.

Psalms 18:12

psa 18:12

At - His glorious and powerful appearance. Passed - Or, passed away, vanished, being dissolved into showers.

Psalms 18:14

psa 18:14

Arrows - Lightnings. Them - Mine enemies.

Psalms 18:15

psa 18:15

Discovered - By mighty earthquakes, which overturned the earth, and made its lower parts visible.

Psalms 18:18

psa 18:18

Prevented - They had almost surprized me.

Psalms 18:19

psa 18:19

Brought - Out of my straits and difficulties, into a state of freedom and comfort. So he ascribes all his mercies to God's good pleasure, as the first spring of them.

Psalms 18:20

psa 18:20

Righteousness - Just cause. The innocency of my actions towards Saul, from whose blood I kept my hands pure.

Psalms 18:22

psa 18:22

Judgments - I diligently studied and considered them.

Psalms 18:24

psa 18:24

Iniquity - From that sin which I was most inclined or tempted to.

Psalms 18:25

psa 18:25

Upright - Thou metest to every one the same measure, which he meteth out to others; and therefore thou wilt perform mercy and truth, to those who are merciful and true to others.

Psalms 18:26

psa 18:26

Pure - Free from the least mixture or appearance of unrighteousness, or unfaithfulness. Froward - Thou wilt cross him and walk contrary to him.

Psalms 18:28

psa 18:28

Lightest - Given me safety, and comfort, and glory, and posterity also.

Psalms 18:29

psa 18:29

Troop - Broken through the armed troops of mine enemies. Wall - I have scaled the walls of their strongest cites.

Psalms 18:30

psa 18:30

Perfect - His providence, though it may sometimes be dark, yet is always wise and just, and unblameable. Tried - The truth of God's promises is approved by innumerable experiences.

Psalms 18:31

psa 18:31

Who - Our Lord is the only God, and therefore there is none, that can hinder him from accomplishing his own work.

Psalms 18:32

psa 18:32

Perfect - Perfectly plain and smooth, and clear from impediments.

Psalms 18:33

psa 18:33

High - places - Confirms me in that high estate into which he hath advanced me.

Psalms 18:35

psa 18:35

Salvation - Thy protection, which hath been to me like a shield. Held - Kept me from, falling into those mischiefs, which mine enemies designed. Gentleness - Thy clemency, whereby thou hast pardoned my sins; thy grace and benignity.

Psalms 18:36

psa 18:36

Slipt - As they are apt to do in narrow and uneven ways.

Psalms 18:43

psa 18:43

People - From contentions, and seditions, under Saul, and Ishbosheth, and Absalom. Heathens - Of the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites, Syrians, and others. Not known - Even barbarous and remote nations.

Psalms 18:44

psa 18:44

Hear - As soon as they understand my will and pleasure, they shall instantly comply with it.

Psalms 18:45

psa 18:45

Close places - Out of their strong holds, where they shall lurk for fear of me.

Psalms 18:46

psa 18:46

The Lord - He and he only is the true living God.

Psalms 18:48

psa 18:48

Violent man - From Saul: whom for honour's sake he forbears to mention.

Psalms 18:49

psa 18:49

Heathen - David is here transported beyond himself, and speaks this in special relation to Christ who was to be his seed, and of whom he was an eminent type, and by whom alone this was done. And therefore this is justly applied to him, and to his calling of the Gentiles, Rom 15:9.

Psalms 18:50

psa 18:50

His king - To the king whom God himself chose and anointed, and to all his posterity; and especially to the Messiah, who is called David's seed, Act 13:23; Rom 1:3.

Next: Psalms Chapter 19