Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at sacred-texts.com
mat 22:1Jesus answering, spake - That is, spake with reference to what had just past.
mat 22:2A king, who made a marriage feast for his son - So did God, when he brought his first - begotten into the world.
mat 22:3Them that were invited - Namely, the Jews.
mat 22:4Fatlings - Fatted beasts and fowls.
mat 22:5One to his farm, another to his merchandise - One must mind what he has; another, gain what he wants. How many perish by misusing lawful things!
mat 22:7The king sending forth his troops - The Roman armies employed of God for that purpose. Destroyed those murderers - Primarily the Jews.
mat 22:8Go into the highways - The word properly signifies, the by - ways, or turnings of the road.
mat 22:10They gathered all - By preaching every where.
mat 22:11The guest - The members of the visible Church.
mat 22:12A wedding garment - The righteousness of Christ, first imputed, then implanted. It may easily be observed, this has no relation to the Lord's Supper, but to God's proceeding at the last day.
mat 22:14Many are called; few chosen - Many hear; few believe. Yea, many are members of the visible, but few of the invisible Church. Mat 20:16.
mat 22:15Mar 12:13; Luk 20:20.
mat 22:16The Herodians were a set of men peculiarly attached to Herod, and consequently zealous for the interest of the Roman government, which was the main support of the dignity and royalty of his family. Thou regardest not the person of men - Thou favourest no man for his riches or greatness.
mat 22:17Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar? - If he had said, Yes, the Pharisees would have accused him to the people, as a betrayer of the liberties of his country. If he had said, No, the Herodians would have accused him to the Roman governor.
mat 22:18Ye hypocrites - Pretending a scruple of conscience.
mat 22:20The tribute money - A Roman coin, stamped with the head of Cesar, which was usually paid in tribute.
mat 22:21They say to him, Cesar's - Plainly acknowledging, by their having received his coin, that they were under his government. And indeed this is a standing rule. The current coin of every nation shows who is the supreme governor of it. Render therefore, ye Pharisees, to Cesar the things which ye yourselves acknowledge to be Cesar's: and, ye Herodians, while ye are zealous for Cesar, see that ye render to God the things that are God's.
mat 22:23Mar 12:18.
mat 22:24Deu 25:5.
mat 22:25Now there were with us seven brethren - This story seems to have been a kind of common - place objection, which no doubt they brought upon all occasions.
mat 22:29Ye err, not knowing the Scriptures - Which plainly assert a resurrection. Nor the power of God - Which is well able to effect it. How many errors flow from the same source?
mat 22:30They are as the angels - Incorruptible and immortal. So is the power of God shown in them! So little need had they of marriage!
mat 22:31Have ye not read - The Sadducees had a peculiar value for the books of Moses. Out of these therefore our Lord argues with them.
mat 22:32I am the God of Abraham - The argument runs thus: God is not the God of the dead, but of the living: (for that expression, Thy God, implies both benefit from God to man, and duty from man to God) but he is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: therefore, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are not dead, but living. Therefore, the soul does not die with the body. So indeed the Sadducees supposed, and it was on this ground that they denied the resurrection. Exo 3:6.
mat 22:33At his doctrine - At the clearness and solidity of his answers.
mat 22:34Mar 12:28; Luk 10:25.
mat 22:35A scribe asking him a question, trying him - Not, as it seems, with any ill design: but barely to make a farther trial of that wisdom, which he had shown in silencing the Sadducees.
mat 22:37Deu 6:5.
mat 22:39Lev 19:18.
mat 22:42Luk 20:41.
mat 22:43How doth David then by the Spirit - By inspiration, call him Lord? If he be merely the son (or descendant) of David? If he be, as you suppose, a mere man, the son of a man?
mat 22:44The Lord said to my Lord - This his dominion, to which David himself was subject, shows both the heavenly majesty of the king, and the nature of his kingdom. Sit thou on my right hand - That is, remain in the highest authority and power. Psa 110:1.
mat 22:46Neither durst any question him any more - Not by way of ensnaring or tempting him.