Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at sacred-texts.com
luk 12:1He said to his disciples first - But afterward Luk 12:54 to all the people. Mat 16:6.
luk 12:3Mat 10:27.
luk 12:4But I say to you, Fear not - Let not the fear of man make you act the hypocrite, or conceal any thing which I have commissioned you to publish.
luk 12:5Fear him who hath power to cast into hell - Even to his peculiar friends, Christ gives this direction. Therefore the fearing of God as having power to cast into hell, is to be pressed even on true believers.
luk 12:6Are not five sparrows - But trust as well as fear him.
luk 12:7Mat 10:30.
luk 12:8And I say to you - If you avoid all hypocrisy, and openly avow my Gospel: The Son of man shall confess you - before the angels - At the last day. Mar 8:38; Luk 9:26.
luk 12:10And whosoever - As if he had said, Yet the denying me in some degree, may, upon true repentance, be forgiven; but if it rise so high as that of the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, it shall never be forgiven, neither is there place for repentance. Mat 12:31; Mar 3:28.
luk 12:11Take no thought - Be not solicitous about the matter or manner of your defence; nor how to express yourselves. Mat 10:19; Luk 21:12.
luk 12:14Who made me a judge? - In worldly things. His kingdom is not of this world.
luk 12:15He said to them - Perhaps to the two brothers, and through them to the people. A man's life - That is, the comfort or happiness of it.
luk 12:17What shall I do? - The very language of want! Do? Why, lay up treasure in heaven.
luk 12:20Thou fool - To think of satisfying thy soul with earthly goods! To depend on living many years! Yea, one day! They - The messengers of death, commissioned by God, require thy soul of thee!
luk 12:21Rich toward God - Namely, in faith, and love, and good works.
luk 12:22Mat 6:25.
luk 12:25Which of you can add the least measure - It seems, to add one cubit to a thing (which is the phrase in the original) was a kind of proverbial expression for making the least addition to it.
luk 12:28The grass - The Greek word means all sorts of herbs and flowers.
luk 12:29Neither be ye of a doubtful mind - The word in the original signifies, any speculations or musings in which the mind fluctuates, or is suspended (like meteors in the air) in an uneasy hesitation.
luk 12:32It is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom - How much more food and raiment? And since ye have such an inheritance, regard not your earthly possessions.
luk 12:33Sell what ye have - This is a direction, not given to all the multitude: (much less is it a standing rule for all Christians:) neither to the apostles; for they had nothing to sell, having left all before: but to his other disciples, (mentioned Luk 12:22, and Act 1:15,) especially to the seventy, that they might be free from all worldly entanglements. Mat 6:19.
luk 12:35Let your loins be girt - An allusion to the long garments, worn by the eastern nations, which they girded or tucked up about their loins, when they journeyed or were employed in any labour: as also to the lights that servants used to carry at weddings, which were generally in the night.
luk 12:37He will come and serve them - The meaning is, he will show them his love, in the most condescending and tender manner.
luk 12:38The Jews frequently divided the night into three watches, to which our Lord seems here to allude.
luk 12:41Speakest thou this parable to us - Apostles and disciples: Or to all - The people? Does it concern us alone? Or all men?
luk 12:42Who is that faithful and wise steward - Our Lord's answer manifestly implies, that he had spoken this parable primarily (though not wholly) to the ministers of his word: Whom his lord shall make ruler over his household - For his wisdom and faithfulness.
luk 12:43Happy is that servant - God himself pronounces him wise, faithful, happy! Yet we see, he might fall from all, and perish for ever.
luk 12:46The Lord will appoint him his portion - His everlasting portion, with the unfaithful - As faithful as he was once, God himself being the Judge!
luk 12:47And that servant who knew his Lord's will shall be beaten with many stripes - And his having much knowledge will increase, not lessen, his punishment.
luk 12:49I am come to send fire - To spread the fire of heavenly love over all the earth.
luk 12:50But I have a baptism to be baptized with - I must suffer first, before I can set up my kingdom. And how I long to fight my way through all!
luk 12:51Suppose ye that I am come to send peace upon earth - That universal peace will be the immediate effect of my coming? Not so, but quite the contrary. Mat 10:34.
luk 12:52There shall be five in one house, three against two, and two against three - There being an irreconcilable enmity between the Spirit of Christ and the spirit of the world.
luk 12:53The father against the son - For those who reject me will be implacable toward their very nearest relations who receive me. At this day also is this scripture fulfilled. Now likewise there is no concord between Christ and Belial.
luk 12:54And he said to the people also - In the preceding verses he speaks only to his disciples. From the west - In Judea, the west wind, blowing from the sea, usually brought rain: the south wind, blowing from the deserts of Arabia, occasioned sultry heat. Mat 16:2.
luk 12:56How do ye not discern this season - Of the Messiah's coming, distinguishable by so many surer signs.
luk 12:57Why even of yourselves, without any external sign, judge ye not what is right? - Why do ye not discern and acknowledge the intrinsic excellence of my doctrine?
luk 12:58When thou art going - As if he had said, And ye have not a moment to lose. For the executioners of God's vengeance are at hand. And when he hath once delivered you over to them, ye are undone for ever. Mat 5:25.
luk 12:59A mite - was about the third part of a farthing sterling.