Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at sacred-texts.com
jer 48:2Heshbon - Heshbon was one of the principal cities of the Moabites. Probably the enemies sat there in counsel, when they had taken it, against the other parts of the country.
jer 48:3Horoniam - Another city of Moab.
jer 48:5Luhith - To this city the Moabites fled for sanctuary, and flying made so great an out - cry that their enemies who pursued them heard it.
jer 48:6And be - Save your lives, though all ye have be lost.
jer 48:7Trusted - In thy idols. Chemosh - Chemosh was their principal idol.
jer 48:9Give wings - The Moabites have need of wings like a bird to escape that ruin which is coming upon them.
jer 48:11At ease - The Moabites ever since they began to be a people, have been a quiet people. Settled - Like a cask of wine, that has not been racked but has continued in the same state. Not emptied - A metaphor of wine which is drawn out from vessel to vessel, when it is drawn off the lees. It is expounded by the next words. Therefore - And this is the reason why they retain their old sins, pride, presumption, and luxury.
jer 48:12Wanderers - The Chaldeans, who wandered from their own country to conquer other people. Break his bottles - He had before compared the Moabites, to wine settled upon the lees, here he saith, that God would send those that should not only disturb, but destroy them.
jer 48:13Bethel - The golden calves, which Jeroboam set up at Dan and Bethel.
jer 48:16Is near - Josephus tells us this destruction came upon the Moabites five years after the siege of Jerusalem.
jer 48:17Staff - A staff and a rod are as well, ensigns of power and government, as instruments to punish offenders.
jer 48:18Dibon - Dibon, Aroer, and Ataroh were built by the children of Gad. It should seem the Moabites were not come into the possession of them. In thirst - It was a place well watered, but God threatens she should be in thirst, that is, driven into some dry, barren countries. The spoiler - The king of Babylon.
jer 48:20Arnon - Arnon was the name of a river; it was the border of Moab: probably the adjacent country or city might take its name from the river.
jer 48:25The horn - That is the beauty and the strength of Moab.
jer 48:26Drunken - Fill him with the intoxicating wine of God's vengeance.
jer 48:27Was he found - Why didst thou deal by Israel as men deal by thieves, when they are brought to shame?
jer 48:28O ye - Still the prophet speaks of the Moabites, as a people whose armies were routed, and calls to them to leave their houses in cities, not promising themselves any security, either to or from their houses, or from the walls of the cities, but to get them to rocks, which are naturally fortified, and from whence (if from any place) security may be promised.
jer 48:30I know - He shall never execute what he thinks to do. But - His boastings and his lies, still never effect his designs.
jer 48:31Kir - herez - A city of Moab.
jer 48:32Sibmah - Sibmah was famous in those days for vines. Jazer - Jazer was it seems first taken, and carried into captivity.
jer 48:36Pipes - The prophet means such pipes as they were wont to use at funerals, and other sad occasions.
jer 48:40He - Nebuchadnezzar shall come swiftly, and spread himself over Moab.
jer 48:43Fear - A variety of dangers upon all sides.
jer 48:45Heshbon - Heshbon was it seems a place of force. The crown - That is, the glory.
jer 48:47Bring again - It seems this is to be understood of a spiritual reduction of them, by calling them into the kingdom of the Messiah.