Sacred Texts  Bible  Bible Commentary  Index 
Leviticus Index
  Previous  Next 

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, by R.A. Torrey, [ca. 1880], at

Leviticus Chapter 13


lev 13:0


Lev 13:1, The laws and tokens whereby the priest is to be guided in discerning the leprosy.

Leviticus 13:2

lev 13:2

rising: or, swelling

a scab: Lev 14:56; Deu 28:27; Isa 3:17

the plague of leprosy: Tzaraâth, the Leprosy, from the Greek λεπρα, from λεπις, a scale; so called, because in this disease the body is covered with thin white scales, so as to give it the appearance of snow. The leprosy is a dreadful, contagious disorder, common in Egypt and Syria, and generally manifests itself at first in the manner described in the text. Its commencement is imperceptible; there appearing only a few reddish spots on the skin, which are not attended with pain or any other symptom, but cannot be removed. It increases imperceptibly, and continues for some years to be more and more manifest. The spots become larger, spread over the whole skin, and are sometimes rather raised, though generally flat. When it increases the upper part of the nose swells, the nostrils distend, the nose becomes soft, swellings appear on the under jaws, the eyebrows are elevated, the ears grow thick, the ends of the fingers, feet, and toes, swell, the nails grow scaly, the joints of the hands and feet separate, the palms of hands and soles of the feet are ulcerated, and in its last stage the patient becomes horrible, and falls to pieces. Lev 14:3, Lev 14:35; Exo 4:6, Exo 4:7; Num 12:10, Num 12:12; Sa2 3:29; Kg2 5:1, Kg2 5:27; Ch2 26:19-21; Isa 1:6

he shall: Deu 17:8, Deu 17:9, Deu 24:8; Mal 2:7; Mat 8:4; Mar 1:44; Luk 5:14, Luk 17:14

Leviticus 13:3

lev 13:3

shall look: Lev 13:2, Lev 10:10; Eze 44:23; Hag 2:11; Mal 2:7; Act 20:28; Rom 3:19, Rom 3:20, Rom 7:7; Heb 13:7; Rev 2:23

turned: Eze 16:30; Hos 7:9

deeper: Gen 13:3; Ti2 2:16, Ti2 2:17, Ti2 3:13

pronounce: Mat 16:19, Mat 18:17, Mat 18:18; Joh 20:23; Rom 3:19, Rom 3:20; Co1 5:4-6; Th2 3:14, Th2 3:15; Ti1 1:20

Leviticus 13:4

lev 13:4

shut up: Num 12:15; Deu 13:14; Eze 44:10; Co1 4:5; Ti1 5:24

Leviticus 13:6

lev 13:6

pronounce: Isa 11:3, Isa 11:4, Isa 42:3; Rom 14:1; Jde 1:22, Jde 1:23

a scab: Lev 13:2; Deu 32:5; Jam 3:2

wash: Lev 11:25, Lev 11:28, Lev 11:40, Lev 14:8; Kg1 8:38, Kg1 8:45; Psa 19:12; Pro 20:9; Ecc 7:20; Joh 13:8-10; Co2 7:1; Heb 9:10, Heb 10:22; Jo1 1:7-9

Leviticus 13:7

lev 13:7

Lev 13:27, Lev 13:35, Lev 13:36; Psa 38:3; Isa 1:5, Isa 1:6; Rom 6:12-14; Ti2 2:16, Ti2 2:17

Leviticus 13:8

lev 13:8

Lev 13:3; Mat 15:7, Mat 15:8; Act 8:21; Phi 3:18, Phi 3:19; Pe2 2:19

Leviticus 13:10

lev 13:10

shall see him: Lev 13:3, Lev 13:4; Num 12:10-12; Kg2 5:27; Ch2 26:19, Ch2 26:20

quick raw flesh: Heb. the quickening of living flesh, Lev 13:14, Lev 13:15, Lev 13:24; Pro 12:1; Amo 5:10; Joh 3:19, Joh 3:20, Joh 7:7

Leviticus 13:12

lev 13:12

cover all: Kg1 8:38; Job 40:4, Job 42:6; Isa 64:6; Joh 16:8, Joh 16:9; Rom 7:14; Jo1 1:8-10

Leviticus 13:13

lev 13:13

if the leprosy: It may seem strange that the partial leper should be pronounced unclean, and the person totally covered with the disease clean. This was probably owing to a different species or stage of the disease; the partial being contagious, the total not. That there are two different species, or degrees, of the disease described here, is sufficiently evident. in one, the person was all covered with a white enamelled scurf; in the other, there was a quick raw flesh in the risings. On this account, the one was deemed unclean, or contagious, the other not; for contact with the quick raw flesh would be more likely to communicate the disease, than the touch of the hard dry scurf. The ichor proceeding from the former, when brought into contact with the flesh of another, would soon be taken into constitution by means of the absorbent vessels; but where the surface was perfectly dry; the absorbent vessels of another, coming in contact with the diseased man, could imbibe nothing, and there was consequently but little or no danger of infection. This is the learned Dr. Mead's view of the subject; who thus accounts for the circumstances mentioned in the text.

he is clean: Isa 64:6; Joh 9:41

Leviticus 13:14

lev 13:14

Lev 13:10

Leviticus 13:16

lev 13:16

Rom 7:14-24; Gal 1:14-16; Phi 3:6-8; Ti1 1:13-15

Leviticus 13:18

lev 13:18

a boil: Exo 9:9, Exo 15:26; Kg2 20:7; Job 2:7; Psa 38:3-7; Isa 38:21

Leviticus 13:20

lev 13:20

in sight: Lev 13:3; Mat 12:45; Joh 5:14; Pe2 2:20

Leviticus 13:21

lev 13:21

shut him: Co1 5:5

Leviticus 13:22

lev 13:22

a plague: i.e. "The plague of leprosy", Lev 13:22

Leviticus 13:23

lev 13:23

Gen 38:26; Sa2 12:13; Ch2 19:2, Ch2 19:3; Job 34:31, Job 34:32, Job 40:4, Job 40:5; Pro 28:13; Mat 26:75; Co2 2:7; Gal 6:1; Pe1 4:2, Pe1 4:3

Leviticus 13:24

lev 13:24

a hot burning: Heb. a burning of fire, Isa 3:24; This is supposed to state the case of such as had been hurt by fire; which would leave a scar, in which the leprosy might appear, and which was to be distinguished by the rules here given.

Leviticus 13:25

lev 13:25

turned white: Lev 13:4, Lev 13:18-20

Leviticus 13:26

lev 13:26

then the priest: Lev 13:4, Lev 13:5, Lev 13:23

Leviticus 13:27

lev 13:27

it is the plague of leprosy: Lev 13:2

Leviticus 13:29

lev 13:29

Kg1 8:38, Kg1 12:28; Ch2 6:29; Psa 53:4; Isa 1:5, Isa 5:20, Isa 9:15; Mic 3:11; Mat 6:23, Mat 13:14, Mat 13:15; Joh 16:2, Joh 16:3; Act 22:3, Act 22:4, Act 26:9, Act 26:10; Co2 4:3, Co2 4:4; Th2 2:11, Th2 2:12

Leviticus 13:30

lev 13:30

scall: Lev 13:34-37, Lev 14:54

Leviticus 13:31

lev 13:31

seven days: Lev 13:4-6

Leviticus 13:32

lev 13:32

yellow hair: Lev 13:30; Mat 23:5; Luk 18:9-12; Rom 2:23

Leviticus 13:34

lev 13:34

the seventh: Jo1 4:1; Jde 1:22; Rev 2:2

be not: Lev 13:23

and he shall: Lev 13:6

Leviticus 13:35

lev 13:35

Lev 13:7, Lev 13:27; Ti2 2:16, Ti2 2:17, Ti2 3:13

Leviticus 13:39

lev 13:39

if the bright: Ecc 7:20; Rom 7:22-25; Jam 3:2

a freckled spot: The word bohak, from the Syriac behak, to be white, or shining, here rendered "a freckled spot," is used by the Arabs to denote a kind of leprosy, of which Niebuhr says, "Bohak is neither contagious nor dangerous. A black boy at Mocha, who was affected with this eruption, had here and there upon his body white spots. We were told that the use of sulphur had relieved this boy for a time, but had not entirely removed the disease." He adds subsequently from Forskal's papers, "The Arabs call a sort of leprosy, in which some little spots shew themselves here and there on the body, behaq; and it is without doubt the same as is named bohak, (Lev. 13). They believe it to be so far from contagious, that one may sleep with a person affected without danger.

"On the 15th day of May, 1765, I myself first saw the Bohak leprosy in a Jew at Mocha. The spots in this disease are of an unequal size. They do not shine; are not perceptibly higher than the skin; and do not change the colour of the hair. Their colour is an obscure white, inclining to red. The rest of the skin of the patient was darker than that of the people of the country in general; but the spots were not so white as the skin of an European, when not sun-burnt. The spots in this leprosy do not appear on the hands, or near the navel, but on the neck and face, yet not on that part where the hair grows thick. They gradually spread, and continue sometimes only about two months, but in some cases one or two years, and then disappear by degrees, of themselves. This disorder is neither contagious nor hereditary, nor does it occasion any inconvenience." Hence a person infected with the bohak is declared clean.

Leviticus 13:40

lev 13:40

hair is fallen off his head: Heb. head is pilled, Lev 13:41; Sol 5:11; Rom 6:12, Rom 6:19, Rom 8:10; Gal 4:13

Leviticus 13:44

lev 13:44

utterly unclean: Job 36:14; Mat 6:23; Pe2 2:1, Pe2 2:2; Jo2 1:8-10

his plague: Isa 1:5

Leviticus 13:45

lev 13:45

his clothes: Gen 37:29; Sa2 13:19; Job 1:20; Jer 3:25, Jer 36:24; Joe 2:13

and his head: Lev 10:6, Lev 21:10

put: Eze 24:17, Eze 24:22; Mic 3:7

Unclean: Job 42:6; Psa 51:3, Psa 51:5; Isa 6:5, Isa 52:11, Isa 64:6; Lam 4:15; Luk 5:8, Luk 7:6, Luk 7:7; Luk 17:12

Leviticus 13:46

lev 13:46

the days: Pro 30:12

without: Num 5:2, Num 12:14, Num 12:15; Kg2 7:3, Kg2 15:5; Ch2 26:21; Lam 1:1, Lam 1:8; Co1 5:5, Co1 5:9-13; Th2 3:6, Th2 3:14; Ti1 6:5; Heb 12:15, Heb 12:16; Rev 21:27, Rev 22:15

Leviticus 13:47

lev 13:47

The garment: This leprosy in garments appears so strange to us, that it has induced some, with Bp. Patrick, to consider it as an extraordinary punishment inflicted by God upon the Israelites, as a sign of his high displeasure; while others consider the leprosy in clothes (and also houses) as having no relation to the leprosy in man. When Michaelis was considering the subject, he was told by a dealer in wool, that the wool of sheep which die of a disease, if it has not been shorn from the animal while living, is unfit to manufacture cloth, and liable to something like what Moses here describes, and which he imagines to be the plague of leprosy in garments. The whole account, however, as Dr. A. Clarke observes, seems to intimate that the garment was fretted by the contagion of the real leprosy; which it is probable was occasioned by a species of animacula, or vermin, burrowing in the skin, which we know to be the cause of the itch; these, by breeding in the garments, must necessarily multiply their kind, and fret the garments, i.e., corrode a portion of the finer parts, after the manner of moths, for their nourishment. The infection of garments has frequently been known to cause the worst species of scarlet fever, and even the plague; and those infected with psora, or itch animal, have communicated the disease even in six or seven years after the infection. Isa 3:16-24, Isa 59:6, Isa 64:6; Eze 16:16; Rom 13:12; Eph 4:22; Col 3:3; Jde 1:23

Leviticus 13:48

lev 13:48

thing made of: Heb. work of, Lev 13:51; Deu 8:11; Jde 1:23; Rev 3:4

Leviticus 13:49

lev 13:49

thing of skin: Heb. vessel, or instrument

it is: Lev 13:2

Leviticus 13:51

lev 13:51

fretting leprosy: Lev 14:44

Leviticus 13:52

lev 13:52

burn: Lev 11:33, Lev 11:35; Deu 7:25, Deu 7:26; Isa 30:22; Act 19:19, Act 19:20

fretting leprosy: Lev 14:44, Lev 14:45

Leviticus 13:55

lev 13:55

after: Eze 24:13; Heb 6:4-8; Pe2 1:9, Pe2 2:20-22

it be bare within or without: Heb. it be bald in the head thereof, or in the forehead thereof

Leviticus 13:57

lev 13:57

shalt burn: Isa 33:14; Mat 3:12, Mat 22:7, Mat 25:41; Rev 21:8, Rev 21:27

Leviticus 13:58

lev 13:58

be washed: Kg2 5:10, Kg2 5:14; Psa 51:2; Co2 7:1, Co2 12:8; Heb 9:10; Rev 1:5; The plague of leprosy was inflicted immediately from the hand of God, and came not from natural causes, as other diseases; and therefore must be managed according to a divine law. Miriam's leprosy, and Gehazi's and King Uzziah's were all the punishments of particular sins; and if generally it was so, no marvel there was so much care taken to distinguish it from a common distemper, that none might be looked upon as lying under this extraordinary token of Divine displeasure, but those that really were so.

Next: Leviticus Chapter 14