The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, , at sacred-texts.com
No contradiction of (Joh 12:3) is implied. The ordinary anointing of hospitality and honour was of the feet (Luk 7:38) and head (Luk 7:46). But Mary of Bethany, who alone of our Lord's disciples had comprehended His thrice repeated announcement of His coming death and resurrection, invested the anointing with the deeper meaning of the preparation of His body for burying. Mary of Bethany was not among the women who went to the sepulchre with intent to embalm the body of Jesus.
That is, Mary of Bethany.
Supply to prepare me.
sat down with the twelve
The order of events on the night of the Passover supper appears to have been:
(1) The taking by our Lord and the disciples of their places at the table;
(2) the contention who should be greatest;
(3) the feet washing;
(4) the identification Judas as the traitor;
(5) the withdrawal of Judas;
(6) the institution of the supper;
(7) the words of Jesus while still in the room (Mat 26:26-29); (Luk 22:35-38); (Joh 13:3-35); (Mat 14:1-31).
(8) the words of Jesus between the room and the garden (Mat 26:31-35); (Mar 14:26-31); (Joh 15:16); (Joh 15:17) it seems probable that the high-priestly prayer (Joh 17:1-26) was uttered after they reached the garden;
(9) the agony in the garden;
(10) the betrayal and arrest;
(11) Jesus before Caiaphas; Peter's denial.
The Greek word translated "remission" in (Mat 26:28); (Act 10:43); (Heb 9:22) is elsewhere rendered "forgiveness." It means, to send off, or away. And this, throughout Scripture, is the one fundamental meaning of forgiveness -- to separate the sin from the sinner. Distinction must be made between divine and human forgiveness:
(1) Human forgiveness means the remission of penalty. In the Old Testament and the New, in type and fulfilment, the divine forgiveness follows the execution of the penalty. "The priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he had committed, and it shall be forgiven him" (Lev 4:35).
"This is my blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission sending away, forgiveness of sins" (Mat 25:28). "Without shedding of blood there is no remission" (Heb 9:22).
(See Scofield) - (Gen 4:4); (Gen 4:4).
(See Scofield) - (Heb 10:18).
The sin of the justified believer interrupts his fellowship, and is forgiven upon confession, but always on the ground of Christ's propitiating sacrifice; (Jo1 1:6-9); (Jo1 2:2).
(2) Human forgiveness rests upon and results from the divine forgiveness. In many passages this is assumed rather than stated, but the principle is declared in (Eph 4:32); (Mat 18:32); (Mat 18:33).
(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:23).
(See Scofield) - (Mat 3:2).
The "cup" must be interpreted by our Lord's own use of that symbol in speaking of His approaching sacrificial death (Mat 20:22); (Joh 18:11). In view of (Joh 10:17); (Joh 10:18); He could have been in no fear of an unwilling death. The value of the account of the agony in the Garden is in the evidence it affords that He knew fully what the agony of the cross would mean when His soul was made an offering for sin, (Isa 53:10); in the hiding of the Father's face. Knowing the cost to the utmost, he voluntarily paid it.
(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:23).
Greek, "Hetaire," means "comrade." Perhaps the most touching thing in the Bible. The Lord does not disown Judas.
(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).
A comparison of the narratives gives the following order of events in the crucifixion day:
(1) Early in the morning Jesus is brought before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin. He is condemned and mocked (Mat 26:57-68); (Mar 14:55-65); (Luk 22:63-71); (Joh 18:19-24).
(2) The Sanhedrin lead Jesus to Pilate, (Mat 27:1); (Mat 27:2); (Mat 27:11-14); (Mar 15:1-5); (Luk 23:1-5); (Joh 18:28-38).
(3) Pilate sends Jesus to Herod (Luk 23:6-12); (Joh 19:4).
(4) Jesus is again brought before Pilate, who releases Barabbas and delivers Jesus to be crucified (Mat 27:15-26); (Mar 15:6-15); (Luk 23:13-25); (Joh 18:39); (Joh 18:40); (Joh 19:4-16).
(5) Jesus is crowned with thorns and mocked (Mat 27:26-30); (Mar 15:15-20); (Joh 19:1-3).
(6) Suicide of Judas (Mat 27:3-10).
(7) Led forth to be crucified, the cross is laid upon Simon: Jesus discourses to the women (Mat 27:31); (Mat 27:32); (Mar 15:20-23); (Luk 23:26-33); (Joh 19:16); (Joh 19:17).
For the order of events at the crucifixion, see
(See Scofield) - (Mat 27:33).
Compare (Mat 26:69); (Mar 14:69); (Luk 22:58); (Joh 18:25).
A discrepancy has been imagined in these accounts. Let it be remembered that an excited crowd had gathered, and that Peter was interrogated in two places: "With the servants" (Mat 26:58) where the first charge was made (Mat 26:69); "the porch" where a great number of people would be gathered, and where the second and third interrogations were made by "another maid" and by the crowd, that is, "they"; (Mat 26:71); (Mat 26:73); (Joh 18:25).