The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, , at sacred-texts.com
In the Old Testament The same Hebrew word (qodesh) is translated sanctify, consecrate, dedicate, and holy. It means, set apart for the service of God. See refs. Following "Sanctify,"
(See Scofield) - (Gen 2:3).
LORD (Hebrew Jehovah)
(1) The primary meaning of the name LORD (Jehovah) is the "self-existent One." Literally (as in (Exo 3:14), "He that is who He is, therefore the eternal I AM:"
But Havah, from which Jehovah, or Yahweh, is formed, signifies also "to become," that is, to become known, thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation. Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah. He is "the self-existent One who reveals Himself." The name is, in itself, an advance upon the name "God" (El, Elah, Elohim), which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength, etc, rather than His essential being.
(2) It is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in Scripture follows the creation of man. It was God (Elohim) who said, "Let us make man in our image" (Gen 1:26); but when man, as in the second chapter of Genesis, is to fill the scene and become dominant over creation, it is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) who acts. This clearly indicates a special relation of Deity, in His Jehovah character, to man, and all Scripture emphasizes this.
(3) Jehovah is distinctly the redemption name of Deity. When sin entered and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah Elohim who sought the sinning ones (Gen 3:9-13) and clothed them with "coats of skins" (Gen 3:21) a beautiful type of righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice (Rom 3:21); (Rom 3:22). The first distinct revelation of Himself by His name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt (Exo 3:13-17). As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise. These are:
(a) His holiness (Lev 11:44); (Lev 11:45); (Lev 19:1-2); (Lev 20:26); (Hab 1:12); (Hab 1:13).
(b) His hatred and judgment of sin; (Deu 32:35-42); (Gen 6:5-7); (Psa 11:4-6); (Psa 66:18); (Exo 34:6); (Exo 34:7).
(c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously; (Gen 3:21); (Gen 8:20-21); (Exo 12:12); (Exo 12:13); (Lev 16:2); (Lev 16:3); (Isa 53:5-6); (Isa 53:10) Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.
(4) In his redemptive relation to man, Jehovah has seven compound names which reveal Him as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end. These compound names are:
(a) Jehovah-jireh; "the Lord will provide" (Gen 22:13); (Gen 22:14) i.e, will provide a sacrifice;
(b) Jehovah-rapha; "the Lord that healeth" (Exo 15:26). That this refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied.
(c) Jehovah-nissi; "the Lord our banner" (Exo 17:8-15). The name is interpreted by the context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of (Gal 5:17) the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help.
(d) Jehovah-Shalom; "the Lord our peace," or "the Lord send peace" (Jdg 6:24). Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah finds expression and illustration in that chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin (Gen 2:1-5). Jehovah loves and saves sinners (Gen 2:7-18) but only through sacrifice (Gen 2:19-21) see also; (Rom 5:1); (Eph 2:14); (Col 1:20).
(e) Jehovah-ra-ah; "the Lord my shepherd" (Psa 23.). In Ps. 22 Jehovah makes peace by the blood of the cross; in Ps 23. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world. (See Scofield) - (Joh 10:7).
(f) Jehovah-tsidkenu; "the Lord our righteousness" (Jer 23:6). This name of Jehovah occurs in a prophecy concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will hail him as Jehovah-tsidkenu -- "the Lord our righteousness."
(g) Jehovah-shammah; "the Lord is present" (Eze 48:35). This name signifies Jehovah's abiding presence with His people; (Exo 33:14); (Exo 33:15); (Ch1 16:27); (Ch1 16:33); (Psa 16:11); (Psa 97:5); (Mat 28:20); (Heb 13:5)
(5) Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel (Exo 19:3); (Exo 20:1-2); (Jer 31:31-34).
(6) Lord God (Hebrew, Jehovah Elohim) is the first of the compound names of Deity. Lord God is used distinctly:
(1) of the relation of Deity to man
(a) as Creator (Gen 2:7-15)
(b) as morally in authority over man (Gen 2:16); (Gen 2:17)
(c) as creating and governing the earthly relationships of man; (Gen 2:18-24); (Gen 3:16-19); (Gen 3:22-24) and
(d) as redeeming man (Gen 3:8-15); (Gen 3:21)
(2) of the relation of Deity to Israel (Gen 24:7); (Gen 28:13); (Exo 3:15); (Exo 3:18); (Exo 4:5); (Exo 5:1); (Exo 7:6); (Deu 1:11); (Deu 1:21); (Deu 4:1); (Deu 6:3); (Deu 12:1); (Jos 7:13); (Jos 7:19-20); (Jos 10:40-42); (Jdg 2:12); (Sa1 2:30); (Kg1 1:48); (Kg2 9:6); (Kg2 10:31); (Ch1 22:19); (Ch2 1:9); (Ezr 1:3); (Isa 21:17).
See other names of Deity,
(See Scofield) - (Gen 1:1)
(See Scofield) - (Gen 14:18)
(See Scofield) - (Gen 15:2)
(See Scofield) - (Gen 17:1)
(See Scofield) - (Gen 21:33)
(See Scofield) - (Sa1 1:3).
deity (names of God)
(See Scofield) - (Mal 3:18).
"Hiddekel"; the ancient name of the "Tigris".
Eve, type of the Church as bride of Christ (Joh 3:28); (Joh 3:29); (Co2 11:2); (Eph 5:25-32); (Rev 19:7); (Rev 19:8).
"Isha," "because she was taken out of man" (Ish) (Hos 2:16).