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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 130

Psalms 130:1

psa 130:1

The penitent sinner's hope is in God's mercy only. (Psa 130:1-8)

depths--for great distress (Psa 40:2; Psa 69:3).

Psalms 130:3

psa 130:3

shouldest mark--or, "take strict account" (Job 10:14; Job 14:16), implying a confession of the existence of sin.

who shall stand-- (Psa 1:6). Standing is opposed to the guilty sinking down in fear and self-condemnation (Mal 3:2; Rev 6:15-16). The question implies a negative, which is thus more strongly stated.

Psalms 130:4

psa 130:4

Pardon produces filial fear and love. Judgment without the hope of pardon creates fear and dislike. The sense of forgiveness, so far from producing licentiousness, produces holiness (Jer 33:9; Eze 16:62-63; Pe1 2:16). "There is forgiveness with thee, not that thou mayest be presumed upon, but feared."

Psalms 130:5

psa 130:5

wait for the Lord--in expectation (Psa 27:14).

watch for, &c.--in earnestness and anxiety.

Psalms 130:7

psa 130:7

Let Israel, &c.--that is, All are invited to seek and share divine forgiveness.

from all his iniquities--or, "punishments of them" (Psa 40:12, &c.).

Next: Psalms Chapter 131