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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 127

Psalms 127:1

psa 127:1

The theme of this Psalm, that human enterprises only succeed by the divine blessing, was probably associated with the building of the temple by Solomon, its author. It may have been adopted in this view, as suited to this series especially, as appropriately expressing the sentiments of God's worshippers in relation to the erection of the second temple. (Psa 127:1-5)

suggest the view of the theme given.

Psalms 127:2

psa 127:2

so he giveth his beloved sleep--that is, His providential care gives sleep which no efforts of ours can otherwise procure, and this is a reason for trust as to other things (compare Mat 6:26-32).

Psalms 127:3

psa 127:3

Posterity is often represented as a blessing from God (Gen 30:2, Gen 30:18; Sa1 1:19-20). Children are represented as the defenders (arrows) of their parents in war, and in litigation.

Psalms 127:5

psa 127:5

adversaries in the gate--or place of public business (compare Job 5:4; Psa 69:12).

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