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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 81

Psalms 81:1

psa 81:1

Gittith--(See on Psa 8:1, title). A festal Psalm, probably for the passover (compare Mat 26:30), in which, after an exhortation to praise God, He is introduced, reminding Israel of their obligations, chiding their neglect, and depicting the happy results of obedience. (Psa. 81:1-16)

our strength-- (Psa 38:7).

Psalms 81:2

psa 81:2

unites the most joyful kinds of music, vocal and instrumental.

Psalms 81:3

psa 81:3

the new moon--or the month.

the time appointed--(Compare Pro 7:20).

Psalms 81:5

psa 81:5

a testimony--The feasts, especially the passover, attested God's relation to His people.

Joseph--for Israel (Psa 80:1).

went out through--or, "over," that is, Israel in the exodus.

I heard--change of person. The writer speaks for the nation.

language--literally, "lip" (Psa 14:1). An aggravation or element of their distress that their oppressors were foreigners (Deu 28:49).

Psalms 81:6

psa 81:6

God's language alludes to the burdensome slavery of the Israelites.

Psalms 81:7

psa 81:7

secret place--the cloud from which He troubled the Egyptians (Exo 14:24).

proved thee-- (Psa 7:10; Psa 17:3) --tested their faith by the miracle.

Psalms 81:8

psa 81:8

(Compare Psa 50:7). The reproof follows to Psa 81:12.

if thou wilt hearken--He then propounds the terms of His covenant: they should worship Him alone, who (Psa 81:10) had delivered them, and would still confer all needed blessings.

Psalms 81:11

psa 81:11

They failed, and He gave them up to their own desires and hardness of heart (Deu 29:18; Pro 1:30; Rom 11:25).

Psalms 81:13

psa 81:13

Obedience would have secured all promised blessings and the subjection of foes. In this passage, "should have," "would have," &c., are better, "should" and "would" expressing God's intention at the time, that is, when they left Egypt.

Next: Psalms Chapter 82