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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Proverbs Chapter 18

Proverbs 18:1

pro 18:1

(Pro. 18:1-24)

Through desire . . . seeketh--that is, seeks selfish gratification.

intermeddleth . . . wisdom--or, "rushes on" (Pro 17:14) against all wisdom, or what is valuable (Pro 2:7).

Proverbs 18:2

pro 18:2

that his heart . . . itself--that is, takes pleasure in revealing his folly (Pro 12:23; Pro 15:2).

Proverbs 18:3

pro 18:3

So surely are sin and punishment connected (Pro 16:4).

wicked, for "wickedness," answers to

ignominy, or the state of such; and

contempt, the feeling of others to them; and to

reproach, a manifestation of contempt.

Proverbs 18:4

pro 18:4

Wise speech is like an exhaustless stream of benefit.

Proverbs 18:5

pro 18:5

accept the person--(Compare Psa 82:2). "It is not good" is to be supplied before "to overthrow."

Proverbs 18:6

pro 18:6

The quarrelsome bring trouble on themselves. Their rash language ensnares them (Pro 6:2).

Proverbs 18:8

pro 18:8

(Compare Pro 16:28).

as wounds--not sustained by the Hebrew; better, as "sweet morsels," which men gladly swallow.

innermost . . . belly--the mind, or heart (compare Pro 20:27-30; Psa 22:14).

Proverbs 18:9

pro 18:9

One by failing to get, the other by wasting wealth, grows poor.

waster--literally, "master of washing," a prodigal.

Proverbs 18:10

pro 18:10

name of the Lord--manifested perfections (Psa 8:1; Psa 20:2), as faithfulness, power, mercy, &c., on which men rely.

is safe--literally, "set on high, out of danger" (Psa 18:2; Psa 91:4).

Proverbs 18:11

pro 18:11

contrasts with Pro 18:10 (compare Pro 10:15). Such is a vain trust (compare Psa 73:6).

Proverbs 18:12

pro 18:12

(Compare Pro 15:33; Pro 16:18).

Proverbs 18:13

pro 18:13

Hasty speech evinces self-conceit, and ensures shame (Pro 26:12).

Proverbs 18:14

pro 18:14

infirmity--bodily sickness, or outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded, no support is left, except, as implied, in God.

Proverbs 18:15

pro 18:15

(Compare Pro 1:5, Pro 1:15, Pro 1:31).

Proverbs 18:16

pro 18:16

(Compare Pro 17:8, Pro 17:23). Disapproval of the fact stated is implied.

Proverbs 18:17

pro 18:17

One-sided statements are not reliable.

searcheth--thoroughly (Pro 17:9, Pro 17:19).

Proverbs 18:18

pro 18:18

The lot--whose disposal is of God (Pro 16:13), may, properly used, be a right mode of settling disputes.

Proverbs 18:19

pro 18:19

No feuds so difficult of adjustment as those of relatives; hence great care should be used to avoid them.

Proverbs 18:20

pro 18:20

(Compare Pro 12:14; Pro 13:2). Men's words are the fruit, or, increase of his lips, and when good, benefit them.

satisfied with--(Compare Pro 1:31; Pro 14:14).

Proverbs 18:21

pro 18:21

Death and life--or, the greatest evil and good.

that love it--that is, the tongue, or its use for good or evil.

eat . . . fruit--(Compare Pro 18:19; Jam 1:19).

Proverbs 18:22

pro 18:22

The old versions supply "good" before the "wife," as the last clause and Pro 19:14 imply (compare Pro 31:10).

Proverbs 18:23

pro 18:23

the rich . . . roughly--He is tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is wrong.

Proverbs 18:24

pro 18:24

A man . . . friendly--better, "A man . . . (is) to, or, may triumph (Psa 108:9), or, shout for joy (Psa 5:11), that is, may congratulate himself." Indeed, there is a Friend who is better than a brother; such is the "Friend of sinners" [Mat 11:19; Luk 7:34], who may have been before the writer's mind.

Next: Proverbs Chapter 19