A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown  at sacred-texts.com
pro 14:1(Pro. 14:1-35)
Every wise, &c.--literally, "The wisdoms" (compare Pro 9:1) "of women," plural, a distributive form of speech.
buildeth . . . house--increases wealth, which the foolish, by mismanagement, lessen.
pro 14:2uprightness--is the fruit of fearing God, as falsehood and ill-nature (Pro 2:15; Pro 3:32) of despising Him and His law.
pro 14:3rod of pride--that is, the punishment of pride, which they evince by their words. The words of the wise procure good to them.
pro 14:4crib is clean--empty; so "cleanness of teeth" denotes want of food (compare Amo 4:6). Men get the proper fruit of their doings (Gal 6:7).
pro 14:5A faithful witness, &c.--one tested to be such.
utter lies--or, "breathe out lies"--that is, habitually lies (Pro 6:19; compare Act 9:1). Or the sense is, that habitual truthfulness, or lying, will be evinced in witness-bearing.
pro 14:6An humble, teachable spirit succeeds in seeking (Pro 8:9; Joh 7:17; Jam 1:5-6).
pro 14:7Avoid the society of those who cannot teach you.
pro 14:8Appearances deceive the thoughtless, but the prudent discriminate.
pro 14:9Fools make a mock at sin--or, "Sin deludes fools."
righteous . . . favour--that is, of God, instead of the punishment of sin.
pro 14:10Each one best knows his own sorrows or joys.
pro 14:11(Compare Pro 12:7). The contrast of the whole is enhanced by that of house and tabernacle, a permanent and a temporary dwelling.
pro 14:12end thereof--or, "reward," what results (compare Pro 5:4).
ways of death--leading to it.
pro 14:13The preceding sentiment illustrated by the disappointments of a wicked or untimely joy.
pro 14:14filled . . . ways--receive retribution (Pro 1:31).
a good man . . . himself--literally, "is away from such," will not associate with him.
pro 14:15The simple . . . word--He is credulous, not from love, but heedlessness (Pro 13:16).
pro 14:16(Compare Pro 3:7; Pro 28:14).
rageth--acts proudly and conceitedly.
pro 14:17He . . . angry--literally, "short of anger" (compare Pro 14:29, opposite idea).
man . . . hated--that is, the deliberate evildoer is more hated than the rash.
pro 14:18inherit--as a portion (compare Pro 3:35).
are crowned--literally, "are surrounded with it," abound in it.
pro 14:19Describes the humbling of the wicked by the punishment their sins incur.
pro 14:20This sad but true picture of human nature is not given approvingly, but only as a fact.
pro 14:21For such contempt of the poor is contrasted as sinful with the virtuous compassion of the good.
pro 14:22As usual, the interrogative negative strengthens the affirmative.
mercy and truth--that is, God's (Psa 57:3; Psa 61:7).
pro 14:23labour--painful diligence.
talk . . . penury--idle and vain promises and plans.
pro 14:24(Compare Pro 3:16).
foolishness . . . folly--Folly remains, or produces folly; it has no benefit.
pro 14:25Life often depends on truth-telling.
a deceitful . . . lies--He that breathes out lies is deceit, not to be trusted (Pro 14:5).
pro 14:26The blessings of piety descend to children (Pro 13:22; Pro 20:7; Exo 20:6).
pro 14:27(Compare Pro 13:14).
fear of the Lord--or, "law of the wise," is wisdom (Psa 111:10).
pro 14:28The teaching of a true political economy.
pro 14:29slow . . . understanding--(Compare Pro 14:17).
hasty--(Compare Pro 14:17).
exalteth folly--makes it conspicuous, as if delighting to honor it.
pro 14:30A sound heart--both literally and figuratively, a source of health; in the latter sense, opposed to the known effect of evil passions on health.
pro 14:31reproacheth his Maker--who is the God of such, as well as of the rich (Pro 22:2; Job 31:15; and specially Sa1 2:8; Psa 113:7).
pro 14:32driven--thrust out violently (compare Psa 35:5-6).
hath hope--trusteth (Pro 10:2; Pro 11:4; Psa 2:12), implying assurance of help.
pro 14:33resteth--preserved in quietness for use, while fools blazon their folly (Pro 12:23; Pro 13:16).
pro 14:34Righteousness--just principles and actions.
exalteth--raises to honor.
is a reproach--brings on them the ill-will of others (compare Pro 13:6).
pro 14:35wise--discreet or prudent.
causeth shame-- (Pro 10:5; Pro 12:4) acts basely.