Sacred Texts  Bible  Bible Commentary  Index 
Job Index
  Previous  Next 

A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Job Chapter 10

Job 10:1

job 10:1


leave my complaint upon myself--rather, "I will give loose to my complaint" (Job 7:11).

Job 10:2

job 10:2

show me, &c.--Do not, by virtue of Thy mere sovereignty, treat me as guilty without showing me the reasons.

Job 10:3

job 10:3

Job is unwilling to think God can have pleasure in using His power to "oppress" the weak, and to treat man, the work of His own hands, as of no value (Job 10:8; Psa 138:8).

shine upon--favor with prosperity (Psa 50:2).

Job 10:4

job 10:4

Dost Thou see as feebly as man? that is, with the same uncharitable eye, as, for instance, Job's friends? Is Thy time as short? Impossible! Yet one might think, from the rapid succession of Thy strokes, that Thou hadst no time to spare in overwhelming me.

Job 10:7

job 10:7

"Although Thou (the Omniscient) knowest," &c. (connected with Job 10:6), "Thou searchest after my sin."

and . . . that none that can deliver out of thine hand--Therefore Thou hast no need to deal with me with the rapid violence which man would use (see Job 10:6).

Job 10:8

job 10:8

Made--with pains; implying a work of difficulty and art; applying to God language applicable only to man.

together round about--implying that the human body is a complete unity, the parts of which on all sides will bear the closest scrutiny.

Job 10:9

job 10:9

clay--Job 10:10 proves that the reference here is, not so much to the perishable nature of the materials, as to their wonderful fashioning by the divine potter.

Job 10:10

job 10:10

In the organization of the body from its rude commencements, the original liquid gradually assumes a more solid consistency, like milk curdling into cheese (Psa 139:15-16). Science reveals that the chyle circulated by the lacteal vessels is the supply to every organ.

Job 10:11

job 10:11

fenced--or "inlaid" (Psa 139:15); "curiously wrought" [UMBREIT]. In the fœtus the skin appears first, then the flesh, then the harder parts.

Job 10:12

job 10:12

visitation--Thy watchful Providence.


Job 10:13

job 10:13

is with thee--was Thy purpose. All God's dealings with Job in his creation, preservation, and present afflictions were part of His secret counsel (Psa 139:16; Act 15:18; Ecc 3:11).

Job 10:14

job 10:14

Job is perplexed because God "marks" every sin of his with such ceaseless rigor. Whether "wicked" (godless and a hypocrite) or "righteous" (comparatively sincere), God condemns and punishes alike.

Job 10:15

job 10:15

lift up my head--in conscious innocence (Psa 3:3).

see thou--rather, "and seeing I see (I too well see) mine affliction," (which seems to prove me guilty) [UMBREIT].

Job 10:16

job 10:16

increaseth--rather, "(if) I lift up (my head) Thou wouldest hunt me," &c. [UMBREIT].

and again--as if a lion should not kill his prey at once, but come back and torture it again.

Job 10:17

job 10:17

witnesses--His accumulated trials were like a succession of witnesses brought up in proof of his guilt, to wear out the accused.

changes and war--rather, "(thou settest in array) against me host after host" (literally, "changes and a host," that is, a succession of hosts); namely, his afflictions, and then reproach upon reproach from his friends.

Job 10:20

job 10:20

But, since I was destined from my birth to these ills, at least give me a little breathing time during the few days left me (Job 9:34; Job 13:21; Psa 39:13).

Job 10:22

job 10:22

The ideas of order and light, disorder and darkness, harmonize (Gen 1:2). Three Hebrew words are used for darkness; in Job 10:21 (1) the common word "darkness"; here (2) "a land of gloom" (from a Hebrew root, "to cover up"); (3) as "thick darkness" or blackness (from a root, expressing sunset). "Where the light thereof is like blackness." Its only sunshine is thick darkness. A bold figure of poetry. Job in a better frame has brighter thoughts of the unseen world. But his views at best wanted the definite clearness of the Christian's. Compare with his words here Rev 21:23; Rev 22:5; Ti2 1:10.

Next: Job Chapter 11