A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown  at sacred-texts.com
jer 14:1PROPHECIES ON THE OCCASION OF A DROUGHT SENT IN JUDGMENT ON JUDEA. (Jer. 14:1-22)
Literally, "That which was the word of Jehovah to Jeremiah concerning the dearth"
drought--literally, the "withholdings," namely, of rain (Deu 11:17; Ch2 7:13). This word should be used especially of the withholding of rain because rain is in those regions of all things the one chiefly needed (Jer 17:8, Margin).
jer 14:2gates--The place of public concourse in each city looks sad, as being no longer frequented (Isa 3:26; Isa 24:4).
black--that is, they mourn (blackness being indicative of sorrow), (Jer 8:21).
unto the ground--bowing towards it.
cry--of distress (Sa1 5:12; Isa 24:11).
jer 14:3little ones--rather, "their inferiors," that is, domestics.
pits--cisterns for collecting rain water, often met with in the East where there are no springs.
covered . . . heads-- (Sa2 15:30). A sign of humiliation and mourning.
jer 14:5The brute creation is reduced to the utmost extremity for the want of food. The "hind," famed for her affection to her young, abandons them.
jer 14:6wild asses--They repair to "the high places" most exposed to the winds, which they "snuff in" to relieve their thirst.
eyes--which are usually most keen in detecting grass or water from the "heights," so much so that the traveller guesses from their presence that there must be herbage and water near; but now "their eyes fail." Rather the reference is to the great boas and python serpents which raise a large portion of their body up in a vertical column ten or twelve feet high, to survey the neighborhood above the surrounding bushes, while with open jaws they drink in the air. These giant serpents originated the widely spread notions which typified the deluge and all destructive agents under the form of a dragon or monster serpent; hence, the dragon temples always near water, in Asia, Africa, and Britain; for example, at Abury, in Wiltshire; a symbol of the ark is often associated with the dragon as the preserver from the waters [KITTO, Biblical CyclopÃ&brvbr;dia].
jer 14:7do thou it--what we beg of Thee; interpose to remove the drought. Jeremiah pleads in the name of his nation (Psa 109:21). So "work for us," absolutely used (Sa1 14:6).
for thy name's sake--"for our backslidings are so many" that we cannot urge Thee for the sake of our doings, but for the glory of Thy name; lest, if Thou give us not aid, it should be said it was owing to Thy want of power (Jos 7:9; Psa 79:9; Psa 106:8; Isa 48:9; Eze 20:44). The same appeal to God's mercy, "for His name's sake," as our only hope, since our sin precludes trust in ourselves, occurs in Psa 25:11.
jer 14:8The reference is, not to the faith of Israel which had almost ceased, but to the promise and everlasting covenant of God. None but the true Israel make God their "hope." (Jer 17:13).
turneth aside to tarry--The traveller cares little for the land he tarries but a night in; but Thou hast promised to dwell always in the midst of Thy people (Ch2 33:7-8). MAURER translates, "spreadeth," namely, his tent.
jer 14:9astonied--like a "mighty man," at other times able to help (Isa 59:1), but now stunned by a sudden calamity so as to disappoint the hopes drawn from him.
art in the midst of us-- (Exo 29:45-46; Lev 26:11-12).
called by thy name-- (Dan 9:18-19) as Thine own peculiar people (Deu 9:29).
jer 14:10Jehovah's reply to the prayer (Jer 14:7-9; Jer 2:23-25).
loved-- (Jer 5:31).
not refrained . . . feet--They did not obey God's command; "withhold thy foot" (Jer 2:25), namely, from following after idols.
remember . . . iniquity-- (Hos 8:13; Hos 9:9). Their sin is so great, God must punish them.
jer 14:11(Jer 7:16; Exo 32:10).
jer 14:12not hear--because their prayers are hypocritical: their hearts are still idolatrous. God never refuses to hear real prayer (Jer 7:21-22; Pro 1:28; Isa 1:15; Isa 58:3).
sword . . . famine . . . pestilence--the three sorest judgments at once; any one of which would be enough for their ruin (Sa2 24:12-13).
jer 14:13Jeremiah urges that much of the guilt of the people is due to the false prophets' influence.
assured peace--solid and lasting peace. Literally, "peace of truth" (Isa 39:8).
jer 14:14(Jer 23:21).
jer 14:15(Jer 5:12-13).
By sword and famine . . . consumed--retribution in kind both to the false prophets and to their hearers (Jer 14:16).
jer 14:16none to bury-- (Psa 79:3).
pour their wickedness--that is, the punishment incurred by their wickedness (Jer 2:19).
jer 14:17(Jer 9:1; Lam 1:16). Jeremiah is desired to weep ceaselessly for the calamities coming on his nation (called a "virgin," as being heretofore never under foreign yoke), (Isa 23:4).
jer 14:18go about--that is, shall have to migrate into a land of exile. HORSLEY translates, "go trafficking about the land (see Jer 5:31, Margin; Co2 4:2; Pe2 2:3), and take no knowledge" (that is, pay no regard to the miseries before their eyes) (Isa 1:3; Isa 58:3). If the sense of the Hebrew verb be retained, I would with English Version understand the words as referring to the exile to Babylon; thus, "the prophet and the priest shall have to go to a strange land to practise their religious traffic (Isa 56:11; Eze 34:2-3; Mic 3:11).
jer 14:19The people plead with God, Jeremiah being forbidden to do so.
no healing-- (Jer 15:18).
peace . . . no good-- (Jer 8:15).
jer 14:20(Dan 9:8).
jer 14:21us--"the throne of Thy glory" may be the object of "abhor not" ("reject not"); or "Zion" (Jer 14:19).
throne of thy glory--Jerusalem, or, the temple, called God's "footstool" and "habitation" (Ch1 28:2; Psa 132:5).
thy covenant-- (Psa 106:45; Dan 9:19).
jer 14:22vanities--idols (Deu 32:21).
rain-- (Zac 10:1-2).
heavens--namely, of themselves without God (Mat 5:45; Act 14:17); they are not the First Cause, and ought not to be deified, as they were by the heathen. The disjunctive "or" favors CALVIN'S explanation: "Not even the heavens themselves can give rain, much less can the idol vanities."
art not thou he--namely, who canst give rain?