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Exposition of the Old and New Testament, by John Gill, [1746-63], at

1 Chronicles Chapter 16

1 Chronicles

ch1 16:0


This chapter relates that David offered sacrifices when the ark was brought into his city, Ch1 16:1 who were the singers he appointed to sing before it continually, Ch1 16:4 and the song he that day composed and delivered to them to sing, Ch1 16:7 and that he appointed not only proper persons to minister before the ark, but also before the tabernacle at Gibeon, Ch1 16:37.

1 Chronicles 16:1

ch1 16:1

So they brought the ark of God,.... What is contained in these three verses is the same with Sa2 6:17, see the notes there. See Gill on Sa2 6:17. See Gill on Sa2 6:18. See Gill on Sa2 6:19.

1 Chronicles 16:4

ch1 16:4

And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord,.... By singing the praises of God:

and to record; or bring to remembrance; to commemorate in a song the great and good things God had done for Israel as a people:

and to thank and praise the Lord God of Israel; for all his benefits, and the blessings of his goodness bestowed on them.

1 Chronicles 16:5

ch1 16:5

Asaph the chief,.... Of those that were now appointed: otherwise, of the three principal singers, Heman was the chief, and Asaph next, Ch1 6:33.

and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, with psalteries, and with harps; to play upon them before the ark at the same time the psalms and songs were vocally sung; the above persons are such as are named before, Ch1 15:18,

but Asaph made a sound with cymbals; he struck and played upon them, see Ch1 15:19.

1 Chronicles 16:6

ch1 16:6

Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests,.... These were appointed to blow

with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of the Lord; morning and evening.

1 Chronicles 16:7

ch1 16:7

Then on that day,.... The ark was brought to Zion, and the above persons appointed to minister before it:

David delivered first this psalm to thank the Lord into the hand of Asaph and his brethren to be sung by them now, and on every proper occasion; and this seems to be the first that was delivered to them; afterwards there were many more, as the titles of the psalms show; the following is composed of part of two others, as they now stand in the book of Psalms. From hence, to the end of Ch1 16:22 is the same with Psa 105:1, with a little variation, see the notes there; and from thence to the end of Ch1 16:33 is Psa 96:1 which see; and Ch1 16:34 is the same with Psa 106:1, see the notes there. See Gill on Psa 106:1, Psa 107:1, Psa 105:1, Psa 105:2, Psa 105:3, Psa 105:4, Psa 105:5, Psa 105:6, Psa 105:7, Psa 105:8, Psa 105:9, Psa 105:10, Psa 105:11,on Psa 105:12, Psa 105:13, Psa 105:14,on Psa 105:15

1 Chronicles 16:35

ch1 16:35

And say ye, save us, O God of our salvation,.... The author of temporal, spiritual, and eternal salvation; the words are a direction to the singers, and those that sung with them, to express the prayer and doxology in the next verse, which both are the same with Psa 106:47. See Gill on Psa 106:47, Psa 106:48; which David directed by a spirit of prophecy, foreseeing the people of Israel would be in captivity among the Heathens; though some think these were added by Ezra; for though there was in his time a return from the captivity, yet many still remained in it.

1 Chronicles 16:37

ch1 16:37

So he left there, before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, Asaph and his brethren,.... Whom he, that is, David, had appointed for the service of it:

to minister before the ark continually; in singing the praises of God:

as every day's work required; at the time of the morning and evening sacrifice, as Jarchi and Kimchi interpret it.

1 Chronicles 16:38

ch1 16:38

The Levites, the brethren of Asaph and Obededom, these were left before the ark to minister there:

Obededom also the son of Jeduthun; or Ethan, which some take to be another Obededom; but the "vau" may be explanative, "even Obededom":

and Hosah to be porters; these he left to be doorkeepers of the ark.

1 Chronicles 16:39

ch1 16:39

And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests,.... These he left, having appointed them

to be before the tabernacle of the Lord, in the high place that was at Gibeon; namely, the tabernacle of Moses, which was removed from Nob thither in the days of Saul, and continued there to the times of Solomon, Ch1 21:28.

1 Chronicles 16:40

ch1 16:40

To offer burnt offerings unto the Lord,.... Which was the work of the priests only to do:

upon the altar of burnt offering continually morning and evening; the lambs of the daily sacrifice, which were a burnt offering, and only to be offered on the brasen altar at the tabernacle:

and to do according to all that is written in the law of the Lord, which he commanded Israel; with regard to them, and all other sacrifices, see Exo 29:38.

1 Chronicles 16:41

ch1 16:41

And with them,.... That is, with Zadok, and the priests with him at Gibeon:

he left Heman and Jeduthun: or Ethan, two principal singers:

and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name; see Ch1 16:18.

to give thanks to the Lord, because his mercy endureth for ever; to praise him for his benefits, flowing from his grace and mercy continually.

1 Chronicles 16:42

ch1 16:42

And with them Heman and Jeduthun, with trumpets and cymbals,.... Or with them were the trumpets and cymbals, as Kimchi; or, as Piscator supplies it, with them he "left" the trumpets and cymbals:

for those that should make a sound; by striking upon them:

and with musical instruments of God; sacred ones, such as were devoted to his service, as psalteries and harps; the Syriac and Arabic versions carry the sense of the words quite differently, that these men did not sing with those musical instruments, but with a pleasant voice, and with pure and acceptable prayers, in humility and uprightness, glorified God:

and the sons of Jeduthun were porters; at the tabernacle in Gibeon.

1 Chronicles 16:43

ch1 16:43

And all the people departed, every man to his house,.... Having accompanied the ark to its place, and having praised the Lord for it, and been refreshed with food, see Sa2 6:19.

and David returned to bless his house; his family; the Targum is,"to bless the people;''see Sa2 6:20.

Next: 1 Chronicles Chapter 17