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The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, [1599], at

2 Kings (2 Samuel) Chapter 23

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:1

sa2 23:1

Now these [be] the (a) last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

(a) Which he spoke after he had written the psalms.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:2

sa2 23:2

The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my (b) tongue.

(b) Meaning, he spoke nothing but by the motion of God's Spirit.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:4

sa2 23:4

And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender (c) grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

(c) Which grows quickly, and fades soon.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:5

sa2 23:5

Although my house [be] not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it] not to (d) grow.

(d) But that my kingdom may continue for ever according to his promise.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:8

sa2 23:8

These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the (e) seat, chief among the captains; the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

(e) As one of the king's counsel.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:9

sa2 23:9

And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were (f) gone away:

(f) Meaning, fled from the battle.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:10

sa2 23:10

He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his (g) hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

(g) By a cramp which came from weariness and fighting.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:12

sa2 23:12

But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a (h) great victory.

(h) Which has no respect for many or few, when he will show his power.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:15

sa2 23:15

And David (i) longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the gate!

(i) Being overcome with weariness and thirst.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:16

sa2 23:16

And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but (k) poured it out unto the LORD.

(k) Bridling his affection, and also desiring God not to be offended for that rash enterprise.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:21

sa2 23:21

And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a (l) spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

(l) Which was as big as a weavers beam, (Ch1 11:23).

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:23

sa2 23:23

He was more honourable than the (m) thirty, but he attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard.

(m) He was more valiant than the thirty that follow and not so valiant as the six before.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:27

sa2 23:27

Abiezer the Anethothite, (n) Mebunnai the Hushathite,

(n) Some of these had two names, (Ch1 11:29) and also many more are mentioned there.

2 Kings (2 Samuel) 23:39

sa2 23:39

Uriah the Hittite: (o) thirty and seven in all.

(o) These came to David, and helped restore him to his kingdom.

Next: 2 Kings (2 Samuel) Chapter 24