The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, , at sacred-texts.com
exo 21:2If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for (a) nothing.
(a) Paying no money for his freedom.
exo 21:3If he (b) came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.
(b) Not having wife nor children.
exo 21:4If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her (c) master's, and he shall go out by himself.
(c) Till her time of servitude was expired which might be the seventh year or the fiftieth.
exo 21:6Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the (d) door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for (e) ever.
(d) Where the judges sat.
(e) That is, to the year of Jubile, which was every fiftieth year.
exo 21:7And if a man (f) sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.
(f) Forced either by poverty, or else with the intent that the master should marry her.
exo 21:8If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall (g) he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
(g) By giving another money to buy her from him.
exo 21:9And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her (h) after the manner of daughters.
(h) That is, he shall give his dowry.
exo 21:10If he take (i) him another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.
(i) For his son.
exo 21:11And if he do not these (k) three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
(k) Neither marry her himself, nor give another money to buy her, nor bestow her on his son.
exo 21:13And if a man lie not in wait, but (l) God deliver [him] into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.
(l) Though a man be killed unawares, yet it is God's providence that it should so be.
exo 21:14But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine (m) altar, that he may die.
(m) The holiness of the place should not defend the murderer.
exo 21:18And if men strive together, and one smite another with a (n) stone, or with [his] fist, and he die not, but keepeth [his] bed:
(n) Either far away from him or near.
exo 21:19If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote [him] be (o) quit: only he shall pay [for] the loss of his time, and shall cause [him] to be thoroughly healed.
(o) By the civil justice.
exo 21:21Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not (p) be punished: for he [is] his money.
(p) By the civil magistrate, but before God he is a murderer.
exo 21:22If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart [from her], and yet no (q) mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine].
(q) Or, "death": of the mother or child in the event she miscarries. Also the death on the unborn infant.
exo 21:24(r) Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
(r) The execution of this law only belonged to the magistrate, (Mat 5:38).
exo 21:27And if he smite (s) out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.
(s) So God revenges cruelty in the even the least things.
exo 21:28If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely (t) stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox [shall be] quit.
(t) If the beast be punished, much more shall the murderer.
exo 21:30If there be laid on him a (u) sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
(u) By the next of the kindred of him that is so slain.
exo 21:32If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty (x) shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
(x) Read (Gen 23:15).
exo 21:34The owner of the pit shall (y) make [it] good, [and] give money unto the owner of them; and the dead [beast] shall be his.
(y) This law forbids not only to hurt, but to beware lest any be hurt.