The Da Vinci Notebooks at sacred-texts.com
On the alterations, caused in the courses of rivers by their confluence (972-974).When a smaller river pours its waters into a larger one, and that larger one flows from the opposite direction, the course of the smaller river will bend up against the approach of the larger river; and this happens because, when the larger river fills up all its bed with water, it makes an eddy in front of the mouth of the other river, and so carries the water poured in by the smaller river with its own. When the smaller river pours its waters into the larger one, which runs across the current at the mouth of the smaller river, its waters will bend with the downward movement of the larger river. 514
201:514 : In the original sketches the word Arno is written at the spot here marked A, at R. Rifredi, and at M. Mugnone.